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VCU Magazine 

Virginia Commonwealth University 

Summer 1983 

%. ^i f' 


Digitized by the Internet Archive 

in 2010 with funding from 

Lyrasis IVIembers and Sloan Foundation 

VCU Magazine 

Volume 1 2, .Nijmber 2 
Summer 1983 

A publiciition K>r the .ikinini and hienJ^ of V'lr^^iiii.i Cdiiuiuinvvciltli Univi-rbity 

Roosevelt revisited 2 

A university professor recalls some interesting moments from a symposium 
commemorating the 50th anniversary of the New Deal. 

Exhibiting a flair for the contemporary 7 

One of the nation's most active university art galleries, the Anderson 
Gallery brings the world of contemporary art to its patrons. 

The VCU touch on Hollywood 


A university graduate makes his mark on the film industry. 

Why men rape 


According to the majority of convicted rapists, no man is a rapist and no 
sexual violence is rape. Two university sociologists are exploring this issue. 

Impressions of a university 


A visitor to VCU presents his view of the university and its ties with the 
greater Richmond area. 

University News 




Alumni Update 


Each issue of VCU Magazine details only a few of the interesting aspects of Virginia 
Commonwealth University. The opinions expressed in VCU Magazine are those of the 
author and are not necessarily those of VCU. 

Located in Virginia's capital city, Richmond, VCU traces its founding date to 1S38. 
Today, VCU is the third largest state-aided university in Virginia and enrolls ovier 20,000 
students on its academic and medical campuses. 

VCU Magazine is produced quarterly by the Office of University Publications. 

Copyright ® 1983 by Virginia Commonwealth University 

Ed Kanis, editor 

Greta Matus, designer 

David Mathis, director of university publications 


Cover illustration by Scott VVrighf 



In commemoration of the 50th 
anniversary of the New Deal, VCU 
joined with the Franklin D. Roosevelt 
Library, the University of Texas, and 
the Lyndon Baines Johnson Library to 
sponsor a symposium at the Johnson 
Library in Austin, Texas. Melvin 
Urofsky, professor of history, attended 
the symposium and recalls some of its 
more interesting moments in vignette 

On March 4, 1933, the 
entire social and 
economic fabric of 
the country ap- 
peared to be 

In the unparalleled prosper- 
ity of the Twenties many had 
been able to agree with the 1928 
Republican presidential candi- 
date, Herbert Hoover, that the 
nation would soon eliminate 
poverty. Now poverty stalked the 
land, with nearly 30 percent of 
the workforce unemployed. 
Private aid had been exhausted, 
and in every city of the nation 
men and women fought for food 
scraps from garbage pails. Along- 
side railroad yards, tens of 
thousands of people, evicted from 
their homes because they could 
no longer meet rent or mortgage 
payments, lived in tarpaper and 
cardboard shantytowns they 


dubbed "Hoovervilles." Hun- 
dreds of thousands of men and 
boys, unable to find work and 
unwilling to drain family re- 
sources, took to road and rail. 
Night indeed seemed to have 
fallen when New York ordered its 
banks closed to avert further 
failures. Wall Street, the heart of 
the great prosperity boom, stood 
silent and deserted. 

The man who stood on the 
Capitol steps to take the oath of 
office from Chief Justice Hughes 
had no magical cure to offer. But 
in stark contrast to the weary and 
crushed Hoover, the incoming 
president exuded faith both in 
America and its people. In an oft- 
quoted phrase, Franklin Delano 
Roosevelt declared that "the only 
thing we have to fear is fear 
itself." When Hoover had said it, 
a disbelieving America had 
scoffed; with Roosevelt they took 

The new chief executive also 
recognized that old ideologies had 
failed, and while he had no 
blueprint for the future, he would 
experiment. Government could 
not sit back while one-third of the 
nation was ill-housed, ill-clothed, 
and ill-fed. It had, at the very 
least, to try to help, and if one 

By Melvin Urofsky 

plan failed, why then, try some- 
thing else. Franklin Roosevelt 
raised political pragmatism to the 
level of statesmanship. 

In the Hundred Days that 
followed, and in the six and a half 
years between his inaugural and 
the outbreak of World War II, 
Roosevelt and the New Deal 
transformed American political, 
social, and economic life as no 
administration had done before or 
has done since. A veritable flood 
of legislation tackled nearly every 
problem confronting the nation, 
and in many cases succeeded in 
solving them. In labor, minimum 
wages, maximum hours, unem- 
ployment insurance, and collec- 
tive bargaining; in banking and 
finance, an overhaul of the 
Federal Reserve System, govern- 
ment insurance of deposits, and 
regulation of the stock market; in 
conservation, the planting of 
millions of trees to prevent 
erosion, and the magnificent 
Tennessee Valley Authority; and 
the list goes on — Social Security, 
farm parity, public works, patron- 
age of the arts, and many more. 

There were, of course, failures, 
including such spectacular 
disasters as the National Recovery 
Administration, and the argu- 
ment has been made that war. 

and not the New Deal, cured the 
Depression. Perhaps so, but until 
it did, FDR kept people's hopes 
alive while the various alphabet 
agencies enabled them to weather 
the worst economic crisis in 
American history. In doing so, 
the New Deal reversed many long 
held notions about the proper 
relations between government 
and its citizens, and those reforms 
still dominate the American 
political landscape. 

To commemorate the 50th 
anniversary of the New Deal, to 
examine its programs in historical 
perspective, and to evaluate its 
continuing impact on American 
life, VCU joined with the Franklin 
D. Roosevelt Library, the Univer- 
sity of Texas, and the Lyndon 
Baines Johnson Library to sponsor 
a symposium at the Johnson 
Library in Austin, Texas. For three 
days historians, political scien- 
tists, veterans of the New Deal, 
and current political leaders 
discussed not only what hap- 
pened in the past, but the legacy 
of that past to our day. In formal 
sessions, as well as over drinks 
and coffee, academicians and 
practitioners mingled, shared 
information, and swapped tales in 
an effort to recapture the fervor 
and the flavor of one of the most 
exciting decades in American 

It would be impossible to detail 
in a brief article the substance of 
the more than 12 formal sessions; 
plans are afoot to publish the 
papers and speeches. Nor can one 
really do justice to the countless 
informal meetings which, even 
though ephemeral, lent a particu- 
lar quality to the conference. 
Perhaps the best way to capture 
that quality is through a series of 
vignettes, of impressions, of a 
unique conference. 

The one thing which stands out 
most clearly is the constant inter- 
mingling of historian and politi- 
cian. From the opening plenary 
session, which Lady Bird John- 

son and former Texas senator 
Ralph Yarborough attended, there 
were few purely academic ses- 
sions. Some of the historians, un- 
used to the presence of so many 
notables, were initially ill at ease, 
but before long an easy camarade- 
rie developed, and they began to 
talk about the one thing they all 
had in common — a deep interest 
in the New Deal. In some cases, 
we deliberately arranged the mix. 
Thus in a session on New Deal 
welfare programs, after excellent 
papers by Clarke Chambers of the 
University of Minnesota and Jim 
Patterson of Brown University, 
Wilbur Cohen gave the commen- 
tary. Cohen went to Washington 
as a young idealist in the Thirties, 
worked on Social Security in the 
Roosevelt and Truman years, and 
under Lyndon Johnson became 
Secretary of Health, Education, 
and Welfare. He took the insights 
offered by Chambers and Patter- 
son and told how those responsi- 
ble for these programs had dealt 
with these very ideas nearly 50 
years ago. 

In another session on "Women 
and the New Deal," one of the 
panelists had discussed the Wom- 
en's Party, which had pushed for 
an Equal Rights Amendment in 
the Thirties. India Edwards, now 
87 years old and a former Demo- 
cratic Party national committee- 
woman, took issue with the 
speaker, only to have Esther Pe- 
terson, best known for her work 
as a consumer advocate, rise to 
argue with "her good friend In- 
dia" and confirm the view of the 
academician, who was probably 
40 years her junior. 

One scene which again illus- 
trates this point occurred at a din- 
ner given for us bv the Chancellor 
of the University of Texas system. 
Representatives Claude Pepper of 
Florida and Jake Pickle of Texas, 
who had just flown in from Wash- 
ington to join us, sat at a table 
surrounded by historians. Thev 
talked not only about the found- 
ing of Social Security, but what 
they were doing right then in try- 

ing to save the system from peo- 
ple who didn't understand what 
it was all about. 

The keynote speaker for the 
second morning, John Kenneth 
Galbraith, reminded the audience 
that Roosevelt's charisma spread 
beyond America's borders. As a 
young man in the Thirties, 
Galbraith and other Canadians 
would frequently go down to De- 
troit to look for work in the auto 
factories after the har\'est in On- 
tario had been completed. He 
soon discovered that many of his 
countrymen were voting in the 
American elections, using the 
names of deceased voters still on 
the election rolls and supplied by 
local Democratic ward leaders. "I 
was still somewhat of a purist in 
those days," Galbraith recalled, 
"and in very shocked tones I 
asked my fellow Canadians how 
they could presume to vote for 
dead men. The answer I invari- 
ably received was that 'if so-and- 
so were still alive, he would vote 
for Roosevelt.' In Detroit, at least 
in 1936, Franklin Roosevelt could 
verily say: 'I am the resurrection.' 

Following Galbraith's talk, a 
panel of Xew Deal participants re- 
called some of their own experi- 
ences. \'irginia Foster Durr spoke 
movingly of her decades-long 
fight to repeal the poll tax, which 
discriminated not only against 
blacks, but also women and poor 
whites as well. In 1933, she 
noted, only 12 percent of the 
adult population could cast ballots 
in \'irginia, with the rest disen- 
franchised by the poll tax. 

Lady Bird Johnson is perhaps 
the most beloved person alive in 
Texas today, and it is easy to un- 
derstand \\"hy after seeing her in 
action. She attended nearly all the 
sessions, and in the various social 

events she moved easily from 
one group to another, thanking all 
of us for coming to Texas to make 
this event so successful. At the 
various lunches she made sure 
that both historians and politi- 
cians were invited to sit at her ta- 
ble, and she flattered and won all 
of us over by really listening to 
what we said. When she went up 
to the platform to introduce one 
of the plenary panels, 1,100 peo- 
ple in the audience spontaneously 
gave her a standing ovation, and 
she somewhat embarrassedly 
shushed us and told us to sit 
down. Just how well she listens, 
and hears, was soon demon- 
strated to everyone. 

After one of the panels, ques- 
tions and comments were invited 
from the floor. One young 
woman began a long and ram- 
bling comment in which she sev- 
eral times identified herself as a 
born-again Christian, a point 
whose relevancy was for the most 
part lost on the audience. She 
then tried to elicit some response 
from the panel on what the New 
Deal had done to the Christian 
ethic of brotherly love, and of 
one's personal responsibility to 
others. When she sat down, the 
chairman asked if there were 
other questions, apparently un- 
able, like the rest of us, to fathom 
what the young woman had 

At this point Mrs. Johnson 
stood, and said she thought the 
question should be answered, 
and then rephrased it. Prior to the 
New Deal, charity had been pri- 
marily a private matter; the New 
Deal had made it a public func- 
tion, and in doing so, had it al- 
lowed people to escape their indi- 
vidual obligations to help others 
in trouble? With the question now 
made clear, several of the panel- 
ists responded, and with a vehe- 
mence few of the younger mem- 
bers of the audience had 
expected. "God forbid we should 

go back to those days," said one, 
"where if you sought help from 
private agencies you had to en- 
dure a lecture on your moral fail- 
ings before they would give you a 
cup of soup." Others picked up 
on this theme that private charity 
before 1933 degraded the recipi- 
ent. If nothing else, the Depres- 
sion had shown that good people 
could have their lives destroyed 
by events beyond their control, 
and their need for assistance im- 
plied absolutely no moral failings 
on their part. 

Some people expected James 
Roosevelt's talk to be a rather 
maudlin "1 remember Daddy." In- 
stead it turned into one of the 
most moving parts of the confer- 
ence. The president's oldest son 
had been in the Pacific when 
news of FDR's death came, and 
the Navy flew him home as 
quickly as possible, but too late 
for the funeral. He was walking in 
New York, waiting for his mother 
to come down from Hyde Park, 
when a taxi pulled over to the 
sidewalk. The driver jumped out, 
and after confirming that this 
was, indeed, young Roosevelt, 
began to thank him for all that 
FDR had done for the poor people 
of the country, and how much he 
had meant to all those scared first 
by the Depression and then by 
war. At this point the cabbie's 
fare, a Wall Street banker, yelled 
out the window, "I'm not paying 
you to talk about that s.o.b. He 
should have died years ago." The 
driver yanked open the door, 
reached in, grabbed the banker by 
his lapels, and deposited him in 
the gutter. "By that point," said 
James, "I was putting space 
behind me." 

Compared to the present day, 
when almost every move a presi- 
dent makes is recorded on video- 
tape, movie newsreel crews in the 
Thirties rarely filmed an entire 
speech. The cost of film was high, 
and so more often than not they 
turned the cameras on for a 
while, then off, and all we have 
are excerpts. Until recently, the 
only full-length newsreel we had 
of a Roosevelt speech was his De- 
cember 8, 1941 war message to 

For the past several years. Bill 
Utterback of Amarillo, Texas, has 
been working in his spare time on 
a project to unearth and then 
piece together film clips of 
Roosevelt addresses. He has 
searched newsreel archives and 
contacted private photographers, 
many of them amateurs, who 
might have been present at the 
speeches. At lunch on the first 
day, we became the first audience 
since those who gathered in 
Washington on March 4, 1933, to 
see and hear the entire inaugural 
address. Using stock footage of 
the crowd, audio recordings, and 
film from dozens of sources, Ut- 
terback enabled us to follow 
Roosevelt and Hoover in the lim- 
ousine from the White House to 
the Capitol, watch FDR walk for- 
ward, leaning on the arm of his 
son Jimmy, take the oath from the 
Chief Justice, and then give his 
talk. Some of the phrases were, of 
course, familiar, but what came 
through, despite the occasional 
poor quality of film and voice, 
was the energy, the drive, the 
commitment to act. One could 
sense the lift Roosevelt's speech 
gave to a nation disheartened by 
depression and the unwillingness 
of the Hoover administration to 
help the citizenry. 

In addition ti) tiic public pre- 
sentations, the conference was 
marked by extensive informal so- 
cializing as well as arranged 
events. Harry Middleton, the di- 
rector of the Johnson Library, put 
on a brilliant display of logistical 
competence. Whether it required 
providing coffee for a break, 
lunch for 150 for three days run- 
ning, or transportation between 
hotels, the Library, and other 
places, Middleton and his staff 
made the entire affair run like 
clockwork. But they outdid them- 
selves with the gala evening 
sponsored by the Johnson Library 
Foundation, the people who put 
up the money for the conference. 
After a champagne reception, we 
settled down for an evening's en- 
tertainment orchestrated by Liz 
Carpenter, former press secretary 
to Mrs. Johnson, and now special 
consultant to the Johnson Library. 

For those of us who were there, 
it will be an evening never to be 
forgotten. John Houseman served 
as master of ceremonies. Joe 
Glazer sang folk and labor songs 
of the Thirties, something he 
started doing as a youngster back 
in the New Deal. Shana Alexan- 
der spoke about how "Happy 
Days Are Here Again" became 
the Roosevelt theme song; she 
knew, because her father had 
written the tune. That chronicler 
of the common folk. Studs Terkel, 
recalled how he "had graduated 
law school in 1934, and thereupon 
became a gangster." In fact, many 
of the soap operas of that era orig- 
inated in Chicago studios, and 
Terkel earned his living for several 
years as the "heavy" on those 
shows. The audience howled as 
John Henry Faulk talked about a 
real problem in Texas during the 
New Deal — "we was Republican- 
ignorant, because we had had 
open season on 'em so long they 

was nigh extinct." In a more seri- 
ous vein. Carpenter paid tribute 
to Frances Perkins, the first 
woman Cabinet member, and 
Mrs. Johnson recalled Eleanor 
Roosevelt. Then Barbara Jordan 
had 1,100 people completely si- 
lent as she read the flood section 
from John Steinbeck's classic. The 
Grapes of Wrath. 

In addition to chairing the eve- 
ning, John Houseman reminisced 
about the days when he and Or- 
son Welles directed the WPA 
Black Theater Project. Welles 
came up with the idea of perform- 
ing "Macbeth," but setting it in 
19th-century Haiti. The witches' 
scene, which Houseman called 
one of Shakespeare's least work- 
able pieces of theater, suddenly 
made marvelous sense if one sub- 
stituted witch doctors. Because of 
the very broad job classification 
employed by the WPA, House- 
man and Welles found themselves 
with one genuine witch doctor 
and several assistants, all eager to 
help all they could. But first they 
needed drums. 

"What kind shall we order?" 
asked Welles, only to be told that 
proper drums could not be 
bought — they had to be made. 
For that, the shaman explained, 
he would need five goats. House- 
man dubiously but dutifulh" filled 
out the proper government requi- 
sition forms for "goats — five," 
and in due course the animals 
were delivered. That evening sha- 
man, assistants, and goats disap- 
peared into the basement of the 
theater, with no one asking anv 
questions. The next morning, 
"proper drums" could be heard. 

The "voodoo Macbeth," as 
some people called it, opened to 

generally favorable reviews, but 
some Republican newspapers, op- 
posed to the WPA, pressured 
their drama critics into panning it. 
When Welles and Houseman ar- 
rived at the Harlem theater one 
morning soon after the play had 
opened, they found the witch 
doctor in their office. In his hand 
he held a review by Percy Drum- 
mond of the very Republican New 
York Herald-Tribune, and the dean 
of the city's drama critics. In the 
piece, Drummond lambasted the 
show, the actors, and the whole 
concept, which, he claimed, de- 
graded Shakespeare. 

"This is bad?" asked the sha- 

"Yes," said Houseman, "it is 

"This man is evil?" 

"Yes," agreed Houseman, "this 
man is evil." 

The next morning when House- 
man and Welles arrived in their 
taxi, thev were met by a highly 
agitated night watchman. There 
had been terrible noises coming 
from the theater basement all 
night long, and the neighbors had 
complained. The watchman had fi- 
nally gone in to look around once 
it had gotten light, but had found 
no one in the building, and no 
damage. Did Houseman know 
anvthing about it? 

Ah, ves. Houseman did. On 
the wav uptown, thev had heard 
on the radio that the respected 
Drummond had been taken to the 
hospital in the middle of the night 
with an as vet undiagnosed mal- 
ady. Two davs later, the dean of 
New Ibrk drama critics departed 
from this world. 

While it has been 50 years from 
the beginning of the New Deal, it 
has also been nearly 20 years 
since Lyndon Johnson became 
president and launched the Great 
Society. Johnson had come to 
Washington as a congressional 
aide, and Roosevelt had named 
him NYA coordinator for Texas. 
He then ran for Congress on a 100 
percent New Deal platform, was 
elected, and began his political ca- 
reer. Only 30 years separated 
New Deal from Great Society, and 
many of the young idealists of the 
Roosevelt Administration re- 
turned as senior officials in the 
Johnson era. If there was a sub- 
theme to this conference, it was 
the Great Society as the extension 
and culmination of the New Deal, 
with LBJ the political heir of FDR. 

There were five of us from Vir- 
ginia at the conference. Susan 
Kennedy (history) and Susan 
Feiner (economics), my colleagues 
from VCU, were joined by David 
Shannon and Henry Abraham of 
the University of Virginia. But the 
Old Dominion had still another 
representative when its governor, 
Charles S. Robb, delivered the 
closing talk. 

"Some of you may be wonder- 
ing why I am here," he began, 
"and so am I. In fact, when I was 
first asked, I said no. I am not an 
historian, and there is no reason 
for me to be on the program. 
Then came a second call, inform- 
ing me that this was a family 
obligation. That reason I could 

Robb spoke of the legacy of the 
New Deal, of important programs 

for people and the threat they 
now faced because of lack of 
revenue to maintain them. 
Somehow, he said, a synthesis 
has to be found in which human 
needs, national priorities, and 
social resources could be bal- 
anced. And he quoted Roosevelt 
that while history would judge 
whether or not we were success- 
ful, the scales are certainly tipped 
in favor of those who act out of 
love and compassion. 

All the while Robb spoke. 
Congressman Jack Kemp of New 
York, who provided a conserva- 
tive view on continuation of New 
Deal policies, leaned sharply 
toward him, half out of his seat, 
one ambitious young politician 
sizing up a potential opponent. 


Although the regular program 
ended after luncheon on the third 
day, a number of us were invited 
to the Johnson Ranch that eve- 
ning for a Texas barbeque. By 
now Harry Middleton, Wilbur Co- 
hen, and I, the three conference 
co-chairmen, were well-nigh eu- 
phoric over how well everything 
had gone, a feeling obviously 
shared by the others present. 
Once again, Mrs. Johnson made 
sure her guests were comfortable, 
and as she circulated among 
them, I was amazed at how well 
she remembered things about 
people whom she had met only 
briefly in the preceding days. 

After a while some people were 
asked to say a few words. Claude 
Pepper recalled stories about 
Roosevelt, and Vernon Jordan, 
the former director of the Urban 
League, spoke about Lyndon 
Johnson and civil rights. Joe 

Glazer sang "The Ballad of LBJ," 
which he had written, literally, 
that afternoon, and then Liz Car- 
penter led us in "Amazing 

The next morning several of us 
stood in the Austin airport wait- 
ing for our flights, still glowing 
from three days of an unusual ex- 
perience. For myself, it had 
marked nearly two years of work, 
but the success of the conference 
came from the mix of academics 
and participants, and from the 
joint efforts of all the sponsoring 
institutions. VCU can well be 
proud of its role in making it 
happen, a 

Melvin Urofsky, Ph.D., is professor of 
history at the university. 

Illustration by Scott Wright 


a flair for the contemporarv i^ 

By Cynthia McMulIen 

Like many of VCU's 
Franklin Street facilities, 
the Anderson Gallery 
has enjoyed a colorful 
past. Built as a stable in 
1888, it is now one of the largest 
university temporary exhibition 
galleries in the country. 

With a capability of showing 
seven exhibits simultaneously, the 
gallery, says director Marilyn 
Zeitlin, is gradually changing and 
redefining its role in the Rich- 
mond art scene. "We serve the 
university and local community 
by giving them the opportunity to 
see work of national and interna- 
tional stature as well as that of 
local and student artists," she 

According to Bruce Koplin, 
associate professor of art history, 
the gallery's emphasis has always 
been on contemporary art. 
Koplin, gallery director from 1971- 
11 , said the Anderson Gallery's 
situation is unique in that it does 
not have to sell work to meet 
overhead. Thus it can address 
specific issues, concerns, and 
directions with more freedom 
than similar spaces outside the 

Charles Stainback, registrar/ 
preparator, says the gallery is one 
of the few exhibition spaces in the 
Southeast showing primarily 
contemporary art. "Marilyn is 
bringing in exciting, important 
work; we're showing art to which 

people should be and are being 
exposed." He says people can re- 
ceive a visual education by trust- 
ing Zeitlin's feeling for potentially 
important work. "She's not afraid 
to promote lesser known artists 
whose work she believes in." 

Focusing on the gallery's 
mission Zeitlin says, "We show 
difficult, controversial, and 
experimental work since we are 
part of an educational system. 
People need to disagree and 
debate as well as enjoy. We try to 
provide a place where accessible 
art can be enjoyed and provoca- 
tive art can be discussed." 

According to Stainback, the 
opportunities for enjoyment and 
debate are endless. "I know of 
very few galleries that are this 
active," he said. "We change 
exhibits about once a month." 
About 45 to 50 exhibits are shown 
each year, and an average of 100 
people visit the gallery daily. 

Other exhibition spaces in the 
Richmond area fill various needs, 
says Zeitlin, such as serNdng the 
collector public, providing ser\'ice 
space for artists, or exhibiting 
standard museum shows. "But at 
VCU I think the questions are 
sometimes more important than 
the answers," savs Zeitlin. "We 
want to give our viewers some- 
thing to think about, whether it 
be use of light, color as imagery, 
or the role of art in politics." 

In addition to its attempts to 
offer educational services to the 
community', the gallery operates 
as an extension of the teaching 
function for visual arts students in 
the School of the Arts. Working in 
the gallery gives student assist- 
ants a chance to witness and 
participate in the inner actiyities 
of a museum. Students exhibiting 
in the gallery have the chance to 
gain a perspective on museum 
standards and work in a profes- 
sional setting. They get a behind- 
the-scenes look at operating a 
gallerv and the amount of work 
necessarv to successfully plan, 
organize, hang, and show an 
exhibit. In addition the galler\-'s 
permanent collection of about 
1,000 pieces affords opportunities 
for research in art history and 

In her continuing search for 
stimulating exhibits, Zeitlin 
travels extensivelv and sees as 
much art as she can in galleries, 
museums, and artists' studios. 
Some artists selected to show are 
recommended bv other artists, 
and occasionallv an unsolicited 
gallerv or artist approaches her 
with ideas. In cooperation with 
the School of the .-Vrts, \isiting 
artists such as Fred Escher, 
Sharon Gold, Denise Green, and 
William Wegman are featured. 
Some shows are produced in 
collaboration y\ith groups or 
galleries like the Richmond Artists 

SAMIZDAT, video tape documentation 

Association and Virginia Muse- 
um's Institute of Contemporary 

Shows are generally divided 
equally between regional, na- 
tional/international, and student 
artists. Within these categories 
Zeitlin always tries to offer a 
device for continuity. The "Mas- 
ters in Contemporary Drawing" 
exhibits, for example, will bring 
together works in that genre by a 
variety of artists, both well-known 
and unknown, throughout 
the fall season. 

Crossovers in the general 
categories are not uncommon. For 
example, the recent "Alumni of 
the Masonic Temple" show 
featured work by nearly 50 artists, 
the majority of whom attended or 
taught at VCU and many of whom 
are now locally or regionally 
known for their work. 

The group theme exhibits 
display a wide range of talent, 
media, and artistic fame. Exhibits 
have included photographic 
portraits by VCU graduate 
students; self-published books by 
Soviet artists, SAMIZDAT; color 
photography by John Divola, 
James Henkel, Bart Parker, and 
John Pfahl; painted pots by "Luna 
Garcia"; and VCU student book 
art. "Aspects of Perception," 
funded by a grant from the 
National Endowment for the Arts, 
featured work by Enrique Castro- 
Cid, Benni Efrat, William Ramage, 
Thomas Macaulay, John Davies, 
Nahum Tivet, David Leach, and 
Heidi Gliick. Black folk art from 
the collection of Regenia Perry 
was shown in "What it is," and 
"Messages: Words and Images" 
displayed work in which verbal 
content functions as, in, or with 
visual imagery. Artists whose 
work was shown included Laurie 
Anderson, Joseph Beuys, Hans 
Haacke, Duane Michals, Francesc 
Torres, Mitchell Kriegman, Hanne 
Darboven, and Jon Borofsky. 

Major solo shows during 
Zeitlin's two years at the gallery 
have included such established 
artists as Michael Goldberg, Paul 
Rotterdam, Pat Adams, Craig 


Kauffman, and Walter Dusenbery. 
"For younger artists, unless they 
are unusually productive, a solo 
show can be difficult, so our solo 
shows generally feature mature 
artists who have collected a large 
body of work from which out- 
standing examples can be 
gleaned," Zeitlin explains. "We 
do, however, want to give young 
artists a chance to try their wings 
and learn something about the 
larger art world." To that end 
students receiving their bachelor's 
or master's degrees in fine art are 
showcased each year, often to 
later return as established artists. 

One of Zeitlin's immediate 
goals is to introduce video and 
performing art to the gallery. 
Eight of the most recent shows 
have been documented on video 
tape, including tapes of the artists 
with studio footage, as well as 
exhibition tapes on the actual 
work. The tapes form a perma- 
nent archive and can be used as 
educational tools in the classroom 
and as a basis for grant applica- 
tions. They may also be shared 
with other museums. Video art 
will be shown as part of a "High 
Tech" exhibit now in the planning 
stages. A nontraditional, partici- 
patory look at art and technology, 
it wUl make innovative use of 
photography, computer, video, 
holography, and sound. 

As the gallery continues to 
expand its offerings and its efforts 
to work in conjunction with other 
museums and galleries, it be- 
comes easier to bring in new 
artists and audiences. "People 
from all over are becoming more 
aware of the Anderson Gallery," 
says Stainback. "It's a progres- 
sive, energetic space, and it's the 
art we show and the way we 
present it that gives the gallery its 
credibility." ;> 

Cynthia McMuUen is an editor in the Office of 
University Publications. 

Video tape by Thorn Madison 

Photography by Joanne Ross 



Chuck Magistro, Tortola 

By exhibiting international, national, regional, and 
student artists the Anderson Gallery begins to make 
contemporary art more comprehensible to, 
the general public. 



D. Jack Solomon, 
Reminiscing Yester\-ear 

Walter Dusenbery, stone sculpture installation 

Kay Hines, Notorola 

Group theme shows such as "Aspects of 
Perception" and "Messages: Words and 
Images" combine individual artistic ex- 
pressions based on a common concept. 

Les Levine, Steer 

"What it is" a collection of work of 
black folk artists, helped give new 
importance to an ongoing and recently 
recognized cultural tradition. 

David Buder, Untitled 

Jim Luton, Rembrandt van Rijn 

The ''Alumni of the Masonic Temple" exhibition 
sponsored by the Friends of the Anderson Gallery 
commemorated the art, the artists, and the thriving 
art community in Richmond. 


Bernard Martin, Jacob's Ladder 





Reni Gower, Kiesm 

Greg DaNidek, Red Herring 

Student shows highlight the best work 
of BT. A. and MTA. candidates and give 
them the opportunity to exhibit in a 
professional setting. 

The VCU touch on Hollywood 

J By Ed Kanis 

Barclay Lottimer 


Gilbert Lewis 


Like a father raving about 
his first-born son, 
Barclay Lottimer (B.F.A. 
dramatic arts 1974) 
discusses his first film 
with pride and excitement. 

What started three years ago 
and endured more than the 
customary succession of re-writes, 
re-edits, and alterations was 
released in the spring as the 
motion picture Touched. Lottimer, 
the film's executive producer, was 
the driving force that made the 
film go. 

"Like most films it took a lot of 
time — probably too much time," 
Lottimer said. "At this point it's 
difficult for me to judge the film. 
But I am proud of it and know it 
is a credible motion picture. 

"Most people have no idea of 
the logistics of doing what I did. 
They have no idea of how a 
movie is made or the degree of 
technical knowledge necessary to 
make a quality film. As producer 
my job is to bring all the pieces 
together and solve the problems." 

No matter what the degree of 
logistical planning or technical 
knowledge, no film can be made 
without financial support. For 
that support Lottimer, a native 
Richmonder who grew up in the 
Bon Air section of the city, turned 
to his hometown. Much of the 
$3.5 million needed to make the 
movie came largely from the 
pockets of area investors willing 
to risk thousands on a novice 
producer many remembered as a 
child actor in the old Renaissance 
Dinner Theatre. 

It was on the Renaissance stage 
that Lottimer developed a fond 
affection for theater. His first role, 
a speaking part in The King and I, 
developed purely by chance. The 
youngster scheduled to play the 
part became ill just before open- 
ing night. When the director 
began his search for a replace- 
ment, he had to look no farther 
than Lottimer, who at the time 
was working in the theater 
sweeping floors. Lottimer volun- 

teered for the spot, and when the 
director asked him to recite one 
monologue, he executed per- 
fectly. He was given the role as 
well as the lead in the theatre's 
next production. 

While Lottimer continued as an 
actor in high school, he was 
beginning to develop an interest 
in producing and marketing 
theatre and other entertainment. 
That interest soon led him to 
Champlain College in Vermont. 
There, working directly with the 
college president, he helped bring 
a number of major groups to the 
school including Blood, Sweat, 
and Tears; Diana Ross; the Nitty 
Gritty Dirt Band; and Rod 
McKuen. "I helped make a lot of 
money for the college," Lottimer 

Still, thoughts of acting had not 
completely vanished from Lotti- 
mer's psyche. And when an 
English professor asked him to 
take a small part in the college 
production of Who's Afraid of 
Virginia Woolf, he agreed. "I was 
hesitant about taking the part, 
Lottimer said, but 1 decided to 

That decision rekindled his 
interest in acting and prompted a 
decision to return to the stage 
full-time. "I knew I had to get 
back on stage so I called Tom 
Holloway (theatre department 
assistant chairman) and asked if I 
could enroll at VCU," Lottimer 
said. "I wanted to go to VCU 
because I knew I would have the 
opportunity to work with profes- 
sionals there." 

Once at the university Lottimer 
soon discovered his decision to 
return to the stage was a wrong 
one. "I realized 1 was probably 
the worst damn actor ever to walk 
on stage," Lottimer admitted. 
"Acting is like a muscle — vou 
have to exercise it continuously to 
keep it strong, and I hadn't been 
doing that. I soon decided I was 
suited for the business of produc- 
ing and marketing." 

After graduation in 1974 
Lottimer spent his time in New 
York, Europe, and HoIl\^^•ood 

producing live theater. When 
Lottimer began pursuing film, he 
found the transition from theater 
rather easy. "I've always wanted 
to be in film," Lottimer explained. 
"1 enjoy it more, and the results 
are quicker." 

Results are what Lottimer's 
gotten with Touched, which 
opened to a capacity audience in a 
Richmond theater in April. The 
film, a poignant romance set on 
the boardwalk of Wildwood, New 
Jersey, centers around two 
mentally disturbed adults (Robert 
Hayes, star of Airplane and 
Airplane 11, and Kathleen Seller, 
star of Dynasty) in a Pennsylvania 
mental hospital and the relation- 
ship that develops h>etween them. 
Ned Beatty (Network, Deliverance, 
Superman), whose son is now- 
enrolled in the theatre depart- 
ment, appears in the film as a 
carnival barker along with Gilbert 
Lewis, who plays the part of a 
nurse orderly in the hospital. Lyle 
Kessler wrote the screenplav, 
which developed out of a project 
begun 14 years ago bv his wife, 
Margaret Ladd, who plavs the 
role of a mental patient in the 
television series Falcon Crest. 

With the release of Touched 
Lottimer has begun working on 
other projects. He has signed 
Richard Drevfuss to star in and 
John Frankenhimer to direct a 
film titled \\'ilder?iess. Lottimer 
described the film as an action 
adventure similar to First Blood 
and Deliverance. Preparations are 
also being made for two addi- 
tional pictures. Playback, to be 
directed by Malcolm Qark who 
did Upstairs. Doumstairs, and 

With these films Lottimer plans 
to continue fulfilling \vhat he sees 
as the job of a producer. "The 
responsibilit^■ of a producer to an 
audience is two-fold: to make 
statements and to entertain. I 
believe that's what mv films \s'ill 

Photography by Whit Cox 

Why men 

By Laurel Bennett 

She semi-struggled, but 
deep down inside I think 
she felt it was a fantasy 
con^e true. (Rapist, RR084) 

It would be of little comfort 
to most women who have 
experienced the terror of 
rape to listen with detached 
interest to the sterile discus- 
sion of a rapist's view of his rape. 
In fact, for many victims, the 
trauma of rape is often so psycho- 
logically debilitating that the 
question of why a rape was 
committed is totally irrelevant. 

According to the latest statistics 
compiled by the F.B.I., there were 
approximately 81,536 forceable 
rapes reported in 1981. But most 
professionals in the field agree 
that only one in five to one in 20 
rapes are reported. Such stag- 
gering figures have prompted 
many people to investigate the 
causes of rape. 

For the most part these studies 
have been made by psychiatrists 
and psychoanalysts and many of 
today's current beliefs about 
rapists are based on their work. In 
general such studies view rapists 
as disturbed men with distorted 
personalities who are filled with 
deep emotional problems. In 
other words, these individuals are 
just plain sick. 

But there are two researchers at 
VCU, Dr. Diana Scully and Dr. 
Joseph Marolla, both associate 
professors in the Department of 
Sociology and Anthropology, who 
disagree with the psychiatric 
explanation. They assume that in 
many ways rapists are no differ- 
ent from most men. They believe 
that rapists are social products, 
that certain attitudes men learn in 
our culture contribute to the idea 
that sexually aggressive behavior 
is all right, and that the act of 

rape is just the extreme example 
of that learned attitude. As Scully 
explained, "What we are claiming 
is that 95 percent of rapists are 
not bizarre, lurking maniacs." 

With a grant from the National 
Institutes of Mental Health, Scully 
and Marolla began a two-year 
study in 1980 designed to test 
their assumptions. Their work 
focused on convicted rapists 
currently serving sentences in 
seven of Virginia's medium to 
maximum security prisons. Using 
a 100-page psychological test, the 
researchers interviewed a total of 
115 men convicted of raping an 
adult female, contrasting the 
answers to data collected from 75 
felons in the same prisons who 
had committed crimes other than 
rape including armed robbery and 
murder. Their research was 
designed to discover the rapists' 
relevant attitudes, motives, 
excuses, and justifications for 
their behavior. 

Many of the questions involved 


personal histories, attitudes dbout 
themselves and women, sexual 
experiences, and, emphasized 
Scully, "questions that had never 
been asked of rapists before such 
as the mechanics of how they did 
the rape, how they chose their 
victims, what they were looking 
for, and how they planned their 
crimes." Both researchers felt they 
were taking a unique approach to 
the study of rape for although 
recent projects have focused on 
the victim and the victim's re- 
sponse, there has been very little 
data on the rapist himself or what 
he thinks of his crime. 
Rape is a man's right. If a 
woman doesn't want to give 
it, the man should take it. 
Women have no right to say 
no . . . women are made to 
have sex. It's all they are 
good for . . . (Rapist, RR070) 
... It might have been rape 
to some people but not to 
my way of thinking . . . I've 
done that kind of thing 
before . . . I'm guilty of sex 
and contributing to the 
delinquency of a minor, but 
not rape. (Rapist, RR057) 
Both Scully and Marolla are 
convinced after doing their 
research that there is no universal 
answer to the question of why 
men rape. "What we learned," 
said Marolla, "was that no single 
explanation for rape — ours or the 
psychiatric one — exists. There are 
exceptions to every explanation." 
But if these researchers learned 
the causes of rape cannot be 
neatly packaged, one thing they 
did learn was that when rapists 
talked about their crimes they 
either admitted or denied what 
they had done was rape. 

According to Scully, some 
admitters defined what they had 
done as rape and, in retrospect, 
knew they had done something 
wrong. Other admitters did not 
think it was rape at the time it 
was occurring. However, both 
types of admitters used a variety 
of excuses claiming forces beyond 
their control led them to rape. In 
many cases drugs, alcohol, or 

emotional problems were used as 
the explanation for their actions. 
These factors allowed them to 
claim diminished control and thus 
relieve them of responsibility. 

The deniers, on the other hand, 
were those rapists who admitted 
they had sexual contact, but 
disclaimed what they had done 
was rape. Deniers used justifica- 
tions for their behavior and 
usually put the blame on their 
victims, even though in many 
cases a weapon was involved. 
"The deniers," said Scully, 
"conjured up every stereotype 
there has ever been about victims 
to justify that what they had done 
wasn't rape." 

A typical example of a denier 
involved the case of a man who, 
armed with a bayonet, broke into 
a cleaner's to rob and while he 
was there raped the storekeeper. 
"Amazingly," said Scully, "he was 
still able to justify this behavior as 
a nonrape based on the way he 
explained the victim and what she 
did. According to the rapist the 
victim 'hadn't resisted, she didn't 
say no, and had enjoyed it.' Thus 
to the rapist this wasn't rape." 

In analyzing their data Scully 
and Marolla observed that "as a 
result of the rapists' skillful use of 
excuses and justifications, almost 
no act is rape, and almost no man 
is a rapist." 

To underscore how excuses and 
justifications are used by admit- 
ters and deniers, Scully cited a 
classic example which contrasted 
both types of rapists as they 
described the role alcohol or 
drugs had played in their crimes. 

According to the data, the use 
of alcohol or drugs prior to the 
rape was claimed by over 77 
percent of admitters and deniers. 
Describing admitters Scully said, 
"If vou asked them if they were 
drunk or high, the majority of 
admitters said yes. Obviously it 
was in their interest to contend 
that such elements affected their 
behavior because clearly it ex- 
plained that their capacity to 
control had been impaired. On 

the other hand, when you asked 

admitters if their victims were 
intoxicated or high, they said no. 
In fact there was no reason to 
argue that the victim was im- 
paired since admitters had 
already excused their own behav- 

But just the opposite was true 
for deniers. "When asked if they 
were drunk or high, they said 
no," Scully explained. "Thus, it 
wasn't in the deniers' interest to 
claim that drugs or alcohol had 
diminished their capacity to 
remember events as they believed 
they had occurred. However, 
when asked if their victims were 
intoxicated or high, they said yes. 
Clearly deniers know they can 
use such a charge to discredit 
their victims and in so doing place 
the responsibility on the women 
and not on themselves." 

Much of the researchers' data 
focus on such contrasts between 
admitters and deniers including 
how they define their crime, 
sexual violence, domination, 
anger, control, victim participa- 
tion, or any number of other rape- 
related explanations. 

Of the 115 rapists the research- 
ers interviewed, only 17 percent 
considered themselves rapists. 
For these few men to define 
themselves as real rapists meant 
they could not find any excuses or 
justification to explain their 
behavior. And these men, the 
researchers concluded, were 
probably the worst off emotion- 
ally. "If most rapists don't con- 
sider themselves real rapists, the 
question then becomes how are 
they able to see themselves as 
average, normal males?" said 
Marolla. Both Scully and MaroOa 
believe the admit deny distinction 
helps to make that question 

"Essentially this is what hap- 
pens," explained Scully. '\Vhen 
people do something %sTong they 
will invariably come up with an 
explanation for it. That's not 
contlned to rapists. Everyone 
does it. The explanations people 
use are ones the%" know will be 
accepted, not some crazy excuse 


like 'I got into an automobile 
accident because 1 forgot to brush 
my teeth this morning.' Society 
won't accept that; it doesn't make 
sense. When people come up 
with a socially acceptable excuse 
what they really are doing is 
attempting to show themselves in 
a good light, as good and moral 
people both to themselves and 
others. Rapists will attempt to do 
the same thing. They will use 
explanations that they know 
others will accept in order to 
show that they are not as bad as 
they appear." 

1 hit her as hard as 1 could a 
man ... I should not be in 
prison for what 1 did. I 
shouldn't have all this time 
for going to bed with a 
broad. (Rapist, RR029) 
A point Scully and Marolla 
strongly emphasize in their 
discussion of rape is the idea that 
a cultural basis exists for these 
explanations. In the case of the 
rapists they feel these men learn 
to master a vocabulary that can be 
used to explain sexual violence 
against women in socially accept- 
able terms. For the researchers, 
both sexual violence and explana- 
tions for it are learned in the 

Scully explained that if society 
views rape as unusual or sick 
behavior then the result is the 
culture being left out of the 
offense. "So in seeing rape as 
unique behavior," she said, "we 
ignore that it is a common experi- 
ence to pick up a novel and find 
rape scenes that seem enjoyable 
to both the rapist and the victim." 
Scully contends that over the last 
ten years pornography has 
changed from eroticism to violent- 
erotic acts. As an example she 
cited the increasing popularity of 
"snuff" shows, films which show 
the sex act culminating in the 
murder of the victim. Date rape is 
common and domination and 
control of women is found every 
day in television soap operas and 
in films. As sociologists Scully 
and Marolla believe that as part of 
the male socialization process 

these examples lead men to 
expect certain kinds of relation- 
ships with women. 

It was exciting to get away 
with it [rape], just being able 
to beat the system, not 
women. It was like doing 
something illegal and getting 
away with it. (Rapist, RR063) 
Part of the researchers' study 
focused on comparing the an- 
swers to a number of questions 
they asked rapists with answers 
to the same questions from other 
convicted felons. From the 
beginning Scully and Marolla 
assumed there would be very few 
differences. Their data suggest 
they were correct. "Generally 
when we looked at rapists com- 
pared to other criminals, the 
differences in attitudes and beliefs 
were mostly in degree, not in 
kind," said Marolla. For example, 
one such difference was found in 
attitudes toward rape myths. 
Compared with other felons, 
rapists were more likely to believe 
in popular rape stereotypes such 
as women want to be raped, or 
that the victims more often than 
not were responsible for their 
own rape. 

But when the personal histories 
comparing rapists to other felons 
were analyzed, the only conclu- 
sion the researchers could make 
was that convicted rapists, in 
terms of their backgrounds, are 
typical felons. "Many of the 
armchair theories that are around, 
such as rapists are more likely 
than other felons to be formerly 
abused children or are more likely 
to have been the product of 
broken or violent homes, just 
don't hold up. Our data showed 
the percentages were very small," 
said Scully. 

At the time, I didn't think it 
was rape. 1 just asked her 
nicely and she didn't resist 
[the rapist was armed with a 
bayonet] ... It took about 
five years of reading and 
going to school [in prison] to 

change my mind about 

whether it was rape. I 

became familiar with the 

subtlety of violence . . . 

(Rapist, RROOl) 

With over 15,000 pages of data 
Scully and Marolla are still 
analyzing their findings. When 
their analysis is complete they 
will present their project in a 
forthcoming book. But from what 
they have already obtained, they 
are convinced there are lessons to 
be learned and taught. 

One area that seems promising 
is the re-education of convicted 
rapists. "In treating rapists one 
thing they need is education 
about sex roles and sexuality," 
said Marolla. "They are fairly 
naive. The majority of rapists are 
very young, 16 to 22 years old, 
and their view of women is 
somewhat narrow." Scully 
envisions putting together a 
course that would focus on topics 
that might change the rapists' 
views of what they believe is a 
normal relationship with women. 
"Re-education means re- 
socialization," said Scully. "If you 
can get convicted rapists to 
change their beliefs about 
women, then when they get out 
of prison they may be less likely 
to rape again." 

The researchers also know at 
some point in the future they 
must compare the data of their 
convicted criminals with a sample 
of men in the nonprison popula- 
tion in order to fully understand 
just how much the culture is 
contributing to a male's view of 
sexual violence and ultimately to 
rape. That comparison is a very 
important aspect of their research 
that has yet to be done. 

But what the researchers are 
sure of is that the causes of rape 
are very complex and that new 
therapies and theories need a 
multi-dimensional approach. One 
question they now believe needs 
to be asked is not why some men 
rape, but instead, why some men 
don't rape. S 

Laurel Bennett is an editor in the Office of 
University Publications. 


of a university 

By Garrett Epps y^ 

Last summer Garrett Epps, at the request of the Office of 

University Advancement , spent several weeks on the 
university's campuses and dei'eloped an article ivhich captures 
some of the flavor of VCU. What follows are his impressions 
based on that stai/. 

Rutledge Dennis, associate professor of sociol- 
ogy and associate chairman of VCU's sociol- 
ogy/anthropology department, is a native of 
Charleston, South Carolina. A trim man with 
a neat, greying beard, Dennis speaks with the 
graceful low-country accent and solicitous good man- 
ners that mark the people of that proud and mournful 
port city, Richmond's only rival as the historic and 
spiritual capital of the Old South. And like most 
Charlestonians, white and black, Dennis retains a firm 
nostalgia for the place he was born. Recently he recalled 
the choice that faced him when he finished graduate 
school at Washington State University a decade ago. 

"I longed to return (to Charleston)," he said. "But 
there was nothing there for me." 

It is an old blues chorus, an American lament. For 100 
years and more, ambitious and intelligent young people 
have lain awake in hundreds of small and not-so-small 
towns, listening to the train whistles in the night and 
dreaming of the good life waiting somewhere else. They 
yearn for the real American frontier, the big city, a place 
where they can use their talents and realize their 
dreams; soon they disappear into new lives and their 
native places know them no more. 

Just so, in 1971, Dennis brought his special skills to a 
place that could use them — Richmond, Virginia. Here 
they have been put to use teaching and counseling 
white and black students and studving the life of his 
adopted city and state. That study recently bore fruit in 
a book. The Politics of Annexation, which Dennis co-wrote 
with John Moeser, associate professor of urban studies, 
which presents a thoughtful review of the storms 
that paralyzed Richmond city politics in the early 1970s. 

As he reviewed the past decade, Dennis pronounced 
himself satisfied with the work he had chosen and the 
place he had done it. "The importance of this university 
has been overwhelming in this city in any number of 
ways," he said. 

That importance — the huge, diverse, and complex 
impact of VCU on Richmond and the whole central 

Virginia area — is striking to someone from outside the 
university community who spends a few weeks getting 
to know its two campuses. By coincidence or not, the 
past decade and a half — roughly the lifespan of the 
merged university — has seen the greater Richmond area 
move decisively into the American big league. It is no 
longer a place to escape from, but rather, for thousands 
of people of all ages, a place to escape to — a prosperous, 
changing community which emerged from its Civil War 
dreams at the right moment to catch an updraft of 

Families, individuals, and organizations have gravi- 
tated to Richmond, attracted by the Sunbelt climate, the 
amenities of life in a medium-sized city, the diversity of 
opportunity and the increasing sophistication of the 
population. VCU has been an important, if relatively 
unobtrusive, part of the attraction. In fact, its role in the 
area's growth has been pivotal. VCU is, in a way, like a 
large mountain, almost invisible to those who live on its 
slope. From day to day, few people think of the moun- 
tain or try to gauge its size and shape. But without it, 
their lives would be radically different, poorer, and 

A growing city needs an urban university fully as 
much as it needs streets, water, police, and firefighters. 
The university trains doctors, bankers, scientists, 
business executives, nurses, the city's engineers, and 
entrepreneurs. It renews its workforce and equips them 
for new roles in a changing economy. It draws the 
intelligent and ambitious from other communities as 
students, faculty, and staff; it keeps the intelligent and 
ambitious natives at home. And it does something more, 
something intangible and in%'isible: it provides a retreat 
where those who know the area and its problems can 
reflect on its life and relate its concerns to the world 
outside. In that sense, a university is the soul of a dty — 
and the storv of VCU's growth is the story of a dty 
growing a soul. 

Like anv growing organism \'CU is a jumble of 
contradictions, diverse and sometimes confusing. Its 
many facets include the fast-moving self-confidence of 
the School of Medicine, the boomtown aggressiveness of 
the School of Business, the interdisdplinary exdtement 
of the School of Basic Sciences, and the d\-ic engage- 
ment of the School of Community- and Public Affairs. 

VCU's landscape is changeable and dramatic — ranging 
from the casual ferment of Shafer Street on a summer 
afternoon to the crowded technological limbo of the 
Head Trauma Unit's neurologv intensive care unit, and 
from the gregarious uproar of a basketball game at the 
Richmond Coliseum to the lonely concentration of one 
young woman hunched over a computer console as the 
clock ticks to%vard midnight. 

Anv attempt to explain what the university is must 
either be impersonal and statistical or personal and 
anecdotal. The oftldal contours of VCU are easily 


outlined and, once assembled, they are startling. In 
1981-82, there were 19,927 students at VCU— 2,704 on 
the MCV Campus and 17,223 on the Academic Campus. 
Over 11,500 people enrolled in the Evening Studies 
courses. The MCV Hospitals admitted 30,945 patients in 
1981. The university employed 11,281 people — making it 
Virginia's seventh-largest employer. 

A listing of VCU's contributions to the larger commu- 
nity, by contrast, would be longer than any article. Isaac 
Bashevis Singer, Nobel Prize winner in literature, visited 
Richmond under the sponsorship of the School of the 
Arts. The Vienna Symphony Orchestra opened its 
national tour with a concert in Richmond, sponsored by 
VCU. Virginia residents can avail themselves of some of 
the most sophisticated medical care in the world, 
covering fields from organ transplanting to genetic 
counseling to rehabilitation for patients severely injured 
in auto accidents. VCU faculty have traveled to China to 
study urban planning — assisting the Chinese as they 
plan their megalopolises and bringing their expertise 
back with them. The physics department has drawn 
distinguished physicists from all over North America 
and Europe to a conference on "Hydrogen and Metals." 

There are also hundreds of projects, large and small, 
which have directly involved VCU with the city and 
state. Students and faculty from the School of Commu- 
nity and Public Affairs helped devise ways to preserve 
and enhance the Arts District; art students helped 
redesign city schools; continuing education programs 
have trained employees of local businesses, local and 
state governments. 

But neither a listing of statistics nor a catalog of 
services can capture the human flavor of a university, 
that intangible spirit which grows as skilled individuals 
meld and amplify their interests in the unpredictable 
process that biologists call synergism. 

Synergism is the energy that fills and threatens to 
explode the tiny jumbled green cubicle where Barry 
Shipman works. Shipman is assistant professor of 
maxillofacial prosthetics at the university. His office is 
eerily like a scene brought to life out of Martin Cruz 
Smith's popular novel Gorky Park. From every available 
surface gaze attentive, sightless faces and heads realisti- 
cally modelled in rubber and latex. But unlike the Soviet 
pathologist in Gorky Park, Shipman does not reconstruct 
the dead but rehabilitates the living — patients who, 
through disease or accident, have lost much of their 
faces and thus much of what makes them feel human. 
Shipman's training is in dentistry, but since coming to 
VCU he has discovered with surprise and pleasure how 
much his work resembles that of artists and sculptors 
who train at the School of the Arts. 

"We have always felt that the skills of an artist might 
be beneficial to both sides," Shipman said. So five years 
ago Shipman helped set up an apprenticeship for an 

M.F.A. candidate from the Academic Campus to help 
with the design of artificial faces his unit supplies. 

The results, Shipman recalls, were exhilarating and 
sometimes infuriating — the collision of two disciplines 
and two ways of looking at the world. "In our work, we 
lost sometimes the insight into what's pretty and what's 
important to people," he recalled. Shipman retains an 
interest in using artists' skills in the hospital setting. 
That interest is shared by William Stewart, assistant 
dean of graduate studies and professor of art. Stewart 
meets with Shipman and other medical faculty, seeking 
to "develop an avenue for artists" to get more deeply 
involved in the medical center's work. "There is no 
program that takes artists and puts them into this kind 
of environment" on a regular basis, he says. "The artist 
or sculptor is like a surgeon," Stewart points out. "Most 
of his judgments are visual and spatial. I have talked to 
a lot of people in dentistry and medicine who have a 
professional interest in the arts. They say that the dental 
and medical students should have more exposure to the 

There are no sweeping schemes in the air as Stewart 
and Shipman confer. They are planning beginnings, 
with unforeseeable results — results which, even after the 
fact, will be hard to measure and report in a list of 
statistics or catalogue of accomplishments. But their 
collaboration is spontaneous — a kind of budding process 
by which different parts of the university put out 
tendrils that in time may loop together and merge into 
roots, and may grow strong enough to break through 
walls between disciplines and ways of seeing the world. 
This tentative exploration is one of a university's key 
functions: assembling the parts of human knowledge 
into a coherent and surprising whole. 

Making the university into a whole is one of the most 
important goals of VCU's president, Edmund Ackell. 
Ackell took office in February of 1978. But even before 
he was offered the job, he says now, he decided that 
something needed to be done to bring the parts of the 
institution together. "There was obviously a lack of 
understanding that this was one university instead of 
two. I would see people (in the interview process) who 
had an interest in what the candidate could do for their 
campus," he said. "There was a lot of 'theirs' and 'ours' 
and 'we' and 'they' in the discussions prior to my 
coming here. People were comfortable with the separa- 
tion and assumed it would continue as it had before." 

But Ackell has tried to erode the separation — and the 
mentality that upheld it — since taking office. In choosing 
new administrators, he looked for candidates who 
would implement his philosophy. "I wanted to be sure 
in my middle areas that we had people who looked on 
this as one institution and were willing to work that 
way," he said. "You've got to bring in new people; it's 
tough to change old attitudes." He also has begun to 


integrate administrations, academic standards, and 
management procedures "to bring in a systems ap- 
proach that is similar to other major universities." 

Equally important has been his attempt to overcome 
the psychology of separation — the myth that the two 
campuses are separated by an unbridgeable gulf of 
history and geography. As for running a university 
whose two campuses are separated by the downtown 
area, Ackell says it's not a big deal. "Rather than unique, 
it (the separation) is commonplace," he says. In fact, he 
points out, most major universities have medical centers 
which are separate from their academic campuses: 
Harvard, Southern California, New York University, and 
Illinois to name a few. "It's unusual to find an urban 
university that has its medical center on the main 

Ackell seeks, thus, a fusion of the two halves into a 
unified university with first-rate academic standards, 
comparable to other major nationally-known urban 
institutions in reputation and educational philosophy. 
He is changing the standards for tenure and promotion, 
and standardizing them on the two campuses. "I think a 
professor is a professor," he says. And whether he 
teaches Renaissance history or renal histology, Ackell 
says what a professor needs to do is to be a good teacher 
and to perform original research work in a chosen field. 
"That is my primary goal — that this become a university 
of distinction." 

That message — the need for research and publica- 
tion — has been heard by the faculty. "If anybody's 
missing it now," says William Hellmuth, former chair- 
man of the economics department, "they're either blind 
or deaf. We are slowly joining the mainstream of 

But one area of uniqueness remains — the student 
body. Since the education boom began in the late 1940s, 
universities have served a young, mobile population, 
which was collecting educational skills in backpacks 
before making the trek to that urban frontier beyond the 
horizon. VCU students don't fit this stereotype. They 
are older than the average and more closely integrated 
into their home community. Many are the first members 
of their families to attend college; many are already 
married and have children, or have chosen their career 
path before they enter school. Indeed, many are already 
working before they begin their studies. The result is a 
student body with strong roots in central Virginia and 
little desire to leave. 

"I guess if I came up with anything particular in the 
VCU student," said Rollie Oatley, Jr., former director of 
placement services on the Academic Campus, "it is that 
they want to stay home." In addition, he pointed out, a 
large proportion is already at work. For example, fewer 
than 10 percent of graduating university M.B.A.s seek 

placement through the office; most of the rest are 
already working by the time they graduate. 

Ihe VCU difference becomes more striking when one 
considers that, during a decade when the quality of the 
student body on both campuses has improved 
markedly, their attachment to the central Virginia area 
has grown rather than decreased. In 1972, for example, 
31.49 percent of VCU's alumni lived in the Richmond 
area. By 1980, that number had jumped to 36.81 per- 
cent — an increase of more than one-sixth. Plainly there 
is an interaction between the community and the 
institution which has proved profitable to both. 

Some VCU graduates and faculty find this a source of 
satisfaction and pride. Julia McLaughlin, assistant 
professor of psychiatry and staff psychologist at the 
MCV Hospitals' psychiatric clinic, recalls leaving her 
home in Halifax, Virginia, with some trepidation. As one 
of the first students to enter VCU's doctoral psychology 
program, she was entrusting her professional future to a 
program with no track record and with no formal 

Now, a decade later, the VCU program is not only 
accredited but well established, with a growing national 
reputation. And McLaughlin is one of those alumnae 
who, having discovered Richmond, doesn't want to 
leave. She doesn't feel unusual in this. "A lot of people 
trained here stay here," she says with satisfaction. 

For VCU, of course, this is an untapped source of 
credibility. VCU can go to funding bodies with a solid 
record of putting back into the area more than it takes 
out. "We're strengthening our own population," says 
Howard Sparks, associate vice-president for academic 
affairs. "We're bringing them here, educating them, and 
shipping them back. There is a symbiotic relationship 
between the institution and the economy." 

VCU will need to use this strength to win the race of 
catch-up it must run. It was created at the tail end of the 
boom years of higher education. In the 60s new univer- 
sities opened at a dizzving rate, and tax receipts from 
the long boom made legislators into rich and indulgent 
uncles. In the insolvent 80s the uncles have turned into 
skeptical misers. VCU will have to swim against this tide 
in the years ahead; it will need to generate strong 
support from the community the business sector, and 
the state. 

Much, of course, has been accomplished over the past 
five vears. Louis Saksen, assistant \ice-president for 
facilities management, points out that at the end of 1977 
"things were prettv bleak. There was no new funding 
(for building) in the 76-78 biennium." 

Since then \'CU has built new dormitories, a 1,000-car 
parking deck, a Performing Arts Center, a 493-bed 
hospital, a Cancer Center, and an addition to the MC\" 
Campus gymnasium. 


The coming year should see the opening of the new 
Acadennic Campus Student Commons (designed to 
combat the "no-campus blues" which students fre- 
quently sing), a rebuilt gymnasium for the Academic 
Campus, and a new building for pharmacy and pharma- 
cology. But there is still catch-up to play. The older 
buildings on each campus (48 of which have been 
designated state historical landmarks) gives VCU its 
distinctive architectural grace, but they need constant 
renovation and are expensive to maintain. The Aca- 
demic Campus, in particular, is still short of classroom 

In the area of program and curriculum, the story is 
very similar: remarkable achievement side by side with 
urgent and overdue need. The growth of the School of 
Basic Sciences is an example of success. In its 16 years of 
existence, the school, which encompasses the basic 
research disciplines necessary to support the teaching 
and clinical activities on the MCV Campus, has gone 
from three Ph.D. candidates a year to 33. Its faculty has 
doubled and the student body has grown eight-fold. 
Research funds have gone from $700,000 to $12 million. 
And the school's interdisciplinary approach works. 
Richard Greenberg, assistant professor of neurosurgery, 
said that he found the weekly discussions with faculty at 
the school had managed to "bridge the gap between 
basic science and neurology." So stimulated was he by 
the sessions that he has now earned, in addition to his 
M.D., a Ph.D. in physiology from the school. And the 
discussions go on. "We know each other so well that the 
criticisms are pretty tough," he said. "My development 
has been improved more by this communication than by 
any other single thing." 

But rather than rest on its successes, VCU must now 
repeat them in other areas, and even established pro- 
grams will need money to keep up. Murry DePillars, 
dean of the School of the Arts, points out that computer 
technologies are revolutionizing arts professions from 
filmmaking to fashion design. "We have to keep pace 
with new technologies," he says. "We're kind of going it 
alone against the larger established universities — and 
the ante goes up." 

To get the funds it needs and to flourish and grow as a 
magnet for industries and individuals, VCU needs 
something less tangible as well. Laurin Henry, dean of 
the School of Community and Public Affairs, makes the 
political scientist's distinction between an organization 
and an institution. An instituhon, he says, has acquired 
a kind of halo in the eyes of those around it. "Richmond 
as a whole is not fully conscious of us. We're involved in 
everything and yet the community or the power struc- 
ture is only dimly aware of us," he says. "VCU as a 
whole has not been institutionalized in the Richmond 

Sparks sees the university as playing a vital historical 
role between now and the year 2000. The role is vital in 
the city's change from a place to escape from into a place 
to escape to, a magnet for new people, and a prosperous 
and stable home for its natives. "Urban universities," he 
says, "could be to our era what the land grant colleges 
were to the 19th century. They ought to do for us what 
they did for VPl, because we're living in an urban 
time." S 

Garrett Epps is author of The Shad Treatment and a free-lance writer for 
several national publications including Science '83. 


University News 

Reaching out 

to the community 

According to the annual report 
published by VCU's Division of 
Continuing Studies and Public Ser- 
vice, the division offered nearly 
2,000 continuing education activi- 
ties during 1981-82 and served an 
estimated 100,000 individuals. 

The report also showed that 
VCU's Evening Studies offered an 
average of 900 classes each semes- 
ter serving over 11,000 students, 
and the Off-Campus Credit Instruc- 
tion Program offered 204 classes in 
locations around the state and en- 
rolled 2,171 students. Programs de- 
veloped for specific needs of com- 
munity, business, and industries 
had 22,000 registrants, while mem- 
bers of the community were given 
the opportunity to study abroad 
with VCU students in Russia, En- 
gland, France, Italy, and Austria. 

Howard Sparks, associate vice- 
president for academic affairs, com- 
piled the report, noting the major 
role VCU plays in enriching the 
lives of a large segment of the 
greater Richmond community. 

"The variety and number of con- 
tinuing education activities that 
were offered attest to the univer- 
sity's commitment to meeting the 
diverse educational needs of the 
community," he said. 

VCU recently joined the experi- 
mental phase of the National Uni- 
versity Teleconferencing Network 
(NUTN) which, when fully imple- 
mented, will make a wider range 
and greater number of high quality 
continuing education programs 
available to the community. 

Rural success 

The university's Center for Public 
Affairs is trying to increase the 
state's chances for "Rural Success." 
"Rural Success" is the name of a 
research project aimed at locating 
successful employment and train- 
ing projects throughout rural 
America and describing them to 

Virgmia's employment and trammg 
specialists. The program is spon- 
sored by the Governor's Employ- 
ment and Training Division. 

Through consultation, center re- 
searchers will also assist rural areas 
in the development of employment 
and training programs. Availability 
of this service is limited and will be 
provided on a first-come-first 
served basis as the research pro- 

Those wishing more information 
should contact Dr. Anthony J. De- 
Lellis, VCU Center for Public Af- 
fairs, 921 West Franklin Street, 
Richmond, VA 23284, or telephone 

Lifting the lid 
on closed eyes 

Blepharospasm. It's not a well- 
known disorder but its victims can 
testify to its devastating effect when 
it causes functional blindness. 

In March 1979 Mildred Liniado 
noticed her right eyelid would in- 
voluntarily close, sometimes so 
hard that it was difficult to raise it. 
Several months later the same thing 
began happening to her left eyelid. 
"I would be driving and I would 
have to pull over because my eyes 
would just close," said Liniado. 
While the episodes lasted only 
briefly, they were petrifying. By 
March 1980 she gave up driving. 

As the disorder progressed her 
eyelids closed more tightly and 
more frequently. She often had to 
pull her eyelids open with her fin- 
gers and sometimes could see only 
through tiny slits that remained 
when her lids clamped shut. 

Liniado began to feel helpless 
and vulnerable. "Things became 
rapidly worse," she said. "1 
couldn't read or watch TV. 1 
couldn't lift my eyelids." Although 
nothing was wrong with her eye- 
sight she had, in effect, become 

After seeing five ophthalmolo- 
gists who were unable to diagnose 
the problem, Liniado's optometrist 
recommended that she see Dr. John 
B. Selhorst, associate professor of 
neurology and ophthalmology at 
the university. He diagnosed the 
disorder as essential blepharo- 

spasm, or spasm of the eyelids. 
"Essential" means that its cause is 

According to Selhorst, behavioral 
scientists have thought for years 
the blepharospasm was a psycho- 
logical disorder. Neurologists, 
however, consider it a movement 
disorder in the same way Parkin- 
son's disease is a movement disor- 
der. Selhorst said the blepharo- 
spasm, like Parkinson's disease, 
may be the result of a biochemical 
problem such as a deficienc\' or ex- 
cess of a substance involved in 
transmitting nerve impulses. What- 
ever its cause, the disease is pro- 
gressive, tends to occur in middle 
age, and strikes women more fre- 
quently than men. 

Two to four new cases are seen 
each vear bv three physicians in the 
Department of Neurology. Treat- 
ment appears often to be frustrat- 
ing for both patients and physi- 
cians. Although some drugs work 
in about 30 to 40 percent of pa- 
tients, Selhorst savs fmding the afv 
propriate treatment is still a matter 
of trial and error. 

One surgical method of treat- 
ment involves cutting the ner\'e 
branches that supply impulses to 
evelid muscles. But, says Selhorst, 
possible undesirable side effects in- 
clude the inability of eveUds to com- 
pletely close which, through drying 
of the cornea, could lead to infec- 
tions and other complications. Also 
other fadal muscles can be affected 

IHustration by Scott Wright 


University News 

and nerves can regenerate over a 
period of time, causing the problem 
to reappear. To patients vifho are 
functionally blind, however, the 
operation's potential problems may 
be acceptable. 

The procedure used in Liniado's 
case involves removal of most of 
the eye muscles. While recovering 
from her operation, Liniado says 
she has been able to return to her 
usual activities. She operates her 
own business and, she says, "I 
drive, I read, I watch TV, and I 
function normally." 

An education 
for the elderly 

The first Elderhostel program spon- 
sored by a medical complex was 
held this summer on the MCV 

A week-long residential educa- 
tion experience for older adults, 
Elderhostel is sponsored by univer- 
sities and colleges throughout the 
nation and abroad. Participants 
must be at least 60 years of age or 
accompanied by a person 60 or 

Courses offered during this sum- 
mer's program included "Topics in 
Medical Ethics," which addressed 
the right to health care, euthanasia 
and the right to die, and truth-tell- 
ing and informed consent. The ob- 
jective of the course in "Preventive 
Medicine" was discussion of the 
basic principles of health mainte- 
nance, the prevention of disease, 
and an application from individual 
and community viewpoints. "His- 
tory of Medical Advances" traced 
the progress of the medical profes- 
sion particularly as it related to the 
development of medical instru- 

Participants stayed in Cabaniss 
Hall with meals provided by the 
Larrick Center. In addition to 
classes participants were given 
time for sightseeing and tours in 
the Richmond area. 


Dog may be man's best friend, but 
studies indicate that toy animals 
may be a close substitute for many 
institutionalized people who can- 
not have pets. 

Dr. Gloria Francis, professor and 
research director for the School of 
Nursing, has conducted studies of 
the therapeutic value of both do- 
mestic animals and their stuffed 
counterparts. The subjects of her 
studies have been residents of local 
adult homes and long-term nursing 
care facilities. 

Francis, who has studied loneli- 
ness in institutionalized persons for 
ten years, had been working on 
initiating a puppy study in an area 
nursing home. One nursing home 
turned her down but said she could 
use stuffed animals. Francis did not 
plan to pursue the idea but when 
an advertising executive called to 
ask if she would consider doing a 
study with plush toys, she began to 
consider the project more seriously. 

Kamar International, a toy manu- 
facturer in Torrance, California, of- 
fered to provide the stuffed animals 
and underwrite the project cost, so 
Francis agreed to do it. Although 
she felt few aspects of the residents' 
lives would be affected, she devised 
a study to examine ten psychosocial 

aspects. To her surprise, the ani- 
mals made a significant difference 
in seven of the areas. 

Important improvements were 
found in psychological well-being, 
social interaction, mental function- 
ing, efforts in self-care, satisfaction 
with life, active interest in the 
world around them, and the 
amount of depression experienced 
by residents. 

Francis interviewed 22 nursing 
home residents before and after 
distributing the stuffed kittens, 
dogs, horses, monkeys, skunks, 
mice, and other animals. Profes- 
sionally accepted questionnaires 
structured to test certain variables 
were administered to those resi- 
dents and a control group of 18 
residents who did not receive plush 

According to Francis the study 
cost about $1,100, much less than 
was allotted. She says she has re- 
ceived some criticism for this kind 
of behavioral research. However, 
she thinks if critics could see the 
emotional deprivation in some 
nursing homes, they would be ex- 
cited that such simplistic interven- 
tion could significantly alter the 
well-being of people. 

Illustration by Scott Wright 


University News 

Justice for all 

A legal studius program will be of- 
fered next fall by VCU's Depart- 
ment of Administration of Justice 
and Public Safety. 

The program is part of a rede- 
signed curriculum recently ap- 
proved by the university's Commit- 
tee on Instruction. Career programs 
are also available in corrections, ju- 
venile justice, and law enforce- 

Legal studies will be geared to- 
ward those intending to proceed to 
law school. "Lawyers are taught a 
specialist trade," says Dr. David 
Farmer, chairman of the depart- 
ment. "They rarely have a broad 
framework of criminal justice." 

He considers the new program 
an unusual approach and one 
which will provide a framework for 
subsequent legal studies. 

The Department of Administra- 
tion of Justice and Public Safety cur- 
rently enrolls 260 undergraduate 
and 80 graduate students. 

A commendation 
for citizenship 

The Virginia Institute for Law and 
Citizenship Studies was recently 
honored by the State Board of Edu- 
cation with a Resolution of Com- 

The resolution cited the institute, 
which has its headquarters at VCU, 
for its "efforts in fostering and fur- 
thering high-quality programs 
about the law and legal processes in 
the elementary and secondary 
schools in the Commonwealth of 

The resolution also noted the im- 
portance of the institute's goals of 
aiding students' understanding of 
law and of leading students to be 
"more knowledgeable and respon- 
sible citizens." 

During the past five years the 
institute has been instrumental in 
educating thousands of Virginia's 
students about their legal rights 
and responsibilities, at little or no 
cost to school systems, bv provid- 
ing speakers, printed and audio- 

visual resource materials, and 
teacher training in substantive law 
and appropriate instructional 

The institute was founded in 
1978 by a group of young lawyers of 
the Virginia State Bar and the Vir- 
ginia Bar Association who shared 
their colleagues' concerns for rising 
juvenile crime rates and young Vir- 
ginians' disrespect for the law. 

Known then as the Law-Related 
Education (LRE) Program, the orga- 
nization was funded by a grant 
from the U.S. Justice Department. 
It became one of the many educa- 
tional groups nationwide which 
strive to incorporate legal studies 
into the curriculum of public school 

The LRE Program operated dur- 
ing the 1978-79 school year from the 
Chesterfield County School System 
and during 1979-80 from Norfolk 
Public Schools. In April 1981 the 
LRE Program incorporated as a 
nonprofit educational corpora- 
tion — the Virginia Institute for Law 
and Citizenship Studies, Inc. — and 
established headquarters in the 
university's School of Education. 

The program is now funded by 
grants from the Virginia State Bar, 
the Virginia Bar Association, the 
Flagler Foundation, and the Vir- 
ginia Law Foundation, with sup- 
porting funds and services pro- 
vided bv VCU's School of 

The institute operates under the 
supervision of a board of directors, 
and is endorsed bv numerous na- 
tional, state, and local educational 
and legal organizations. 

Teaching teachers 

VCU's School of Education will ex- 
pand its Bachelor of Science in spe- 
cial education degree program into 
three additional specializations be- 
ginning this fall. 

Behavior disorders and emo- 
tional disturbances, learning dis- 
abilities, and severe and profound 

handicaps will tx- -jaat-a to ^n <-/isi- 
ing study track for mental retarda- 

The School of Education has been 
offering the mental retardation 
track since 1967. 

Dr. Rosemary Lambie, core coor- 
dinator of special education, said 
factors which influenced the expan- 
sion of the program included a 
shortage of trained teachers in 
these specializations, changes in 
state certification regulations, and 
employer hiring practices which 
make training in these areas on the 
bachelor's degree level desirable. 

She said there are numerous job 
openings for teachers in all areas of 
special education. 

Peak performance 

For the second vear in a row the 
university's Jazz Orchestra I has 
won an Outstanding Performance 
Award for Big Band at the Notre 
Dame Collegiate Jazz Festival. 

VCU's band was one of four to 
win the designation. The other 
winners represented the Eastman 
School of Music, Michigan State 
Universit\', and the State University 
of New York at Fredonia. 

Delores King, a VCU senior, won 
an Outstanding Vocalist Award for 
her performance of "There Will 
Never Be Another You" and "I Got 
It Bad." The former number was 
arranged bv drummer Jocko Mac- 
Nelly and the latter by Doug Rich- 
ards, director of jazz studies. 

In addition to the two tunes with 
vocals, the Jazz Orchestra I played 
Duke Ellingtons "Rockin' in 
Rh\thm," a Bob Brookman arrange- 
ment of "Skylark," Al Cohn's 
"Some of Mv Best Friends," and 
Dizzv Gillespie's "Things to 

One of the judges, former Dazm 
Bent editor Dan NIorganstern, de- 
scribed the \'CU group as "not one 
of those well-drilled music ma- 
chines, but a band with genuine 
feeling for the tradition, and great 
spirit and enthusiasm." 

University News 

Business executives Sydney and Frances Lewis 

Trio honored 

at commencement 

Author Tom Wolfe and business ex- 
ecutives Sydney and Frances Lewis 
received honorary Doctor of Hu- 
manities degrees at Commence- 
ment exercises in the spring. 

Pioneer of late 20th century 
American literature, Wolfe's inno- 
vaHve style and keen insight into 
American hfe have earned him nu- 
merous avs'ards and honors. After 
the triumph in 1979 of The Right 
Stuff, his book on the Mercury as- 
tronauts, he received the American 
Academy and Institute of Arts and 
Letters Harold D. Vursell Memorial 
Award for prose style, the Ameri- 
can Book Award for nonfiction, and 
the Columbia Journalism Award. 

Sydney Lewis, founder, chair- 
man of the board, and executive 
officer of Best Products Company, 
Inc., is one of the state's leading 
business executives. In addition, he 
is an avid patron of the arts and 
serves as vice-chairman of the 
board of the Hirshhorn Museum and 
Sculpture Garden in Washington, 
D.C., and a trustee of the Virginia 
Museum of Fine Arts. 

His wife, Frances Lewis, was 
recognized for her active involve- 
ments in education, the arts, and 
public service for the past 30 years. 

Executive vice-president of Best, 
she is a member of the board for 
Richmond Public Schools, a trustee 
of the Virginia Environmental En- 
dowment, and a member of the 
state Committee on Federal Educa- 
tion Block Grants. Like her hus- 
band she is a supporter of the arts 
and serves on the advisory council 
of the Southeastern Center for Con- 
temporary Arts. 

Over 3,200 degrees were 
awarded at this year's commence- 
ment. Of the total, 1,223 were grad- 
uate degrees. 

Dr. Robert Wilson, retired presi- 
dent and chairman of executive 
committee of Cargill, Wilson, and 
Acree, an advertising firm, deliv- 
ered the graduation address. 

Award-winning author Tom Wolfe 

Better odds for 
leukemic children 

Research by a university physician 
may help to improve treatment for 
some pediatric patients with acute 
lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), the 
most common form of cancer found 
in children. 

The work of Dr. Nancy Dunn, 
assistant professor of pediatrics, fo- 
cuses on cellular enzyme changes 
in patients with ALL and provides 
an understanding of how these 
changes aid physicians in making 
prognoses and designing therapy. 
Since 1978 Dunn has been investi- 
gating three different enzymes. Of 
the three enzymes, one — hex- 
osaminidase — has provided the 
most promising results. 

As part of the study lymphocytes 
from blood samples of leukemic pa- 
tients at MCV Hospitals were 
tested at the time cancer was diag- 
nosed, and at designated intervals 
as treatment was administered. 
Using a laboratory process called 
column chromatography, enzymes 
in the samples were broken down 
into component parts (isoenzymes) 
and analyzed. 

Blood samples from 41 patients 
with various types of leukemia 
were studied. The most interesting 
result was found among patients 
with the most common immuno- 
logic subtype of ALL (leukemic pa- 
tients are divided into subtypes on 
the basis of the immunologic prop- 
erties of their blood cells). Of these 
31 patients, 21 were found to have 
one elevated component (called the 
I peak) of hexosaminidase at diag- 
nosis. Anti-leukemic treatment was 
then administered which effec- 
tively decreased the I peak to nor- 
mal levels. Of the three patients 
who had subsequent relapses while 
under study, two showed a rise in 
the component to abnormally high 

"The data suggest this enzyme 
pattern may prove useful as a leu- 

Photography by Chip Mitchell 


University News 

kemia marker — a factor that disap- 
pears with treatment and reappears 
when there is a relapse," said 

Additional results also indicate 
the degree of elevation of the I peak 
component may have prognostic 
value. Among patients in the 
study, 16 of 20 with low 1 peaks 
remained disease-free for a median 
of 19 months, while only three of 
nine with particularly high 1 peaks 
remained in remission for nine to 17 

Dunn said advances in treatment 
for leukemic patients helped make 
her research possible. "Before the 
1960s we were seeing children with 
leukemia dying quicklv, giving us 
little time to study the effects of our 
intervention over time," Dunn ex- 
plained. "With longer survival 
times we are better able to evaluate 
our treatments." 

A major part of the advances in 
treatment involved the recognition 
by cancer specialists that certain 
clinical and laboratory features of 
leukemia patients could be of prog- 
nostic value. With this information 
research projects like Dunn's were 
initiated which looked at factors of 
potential use in predicting out- 
comes for patients and in directing 

Specific to Dunn's research was 
the discovery in the 1970s that ALL 
could be divided into three or four 
subtypes by immunologic tech- 
niques. With these classifications 
patients can be grouped on the ba- 
sis of their chances for survival and 
appropriate treatment regimens ad- 
ministered. For patients with less 
chance of survival, more aggressive 
therapy is ordered. "Ultimately, 
we're trying to improve the odds 
for these patients," Dunn said. 

While the researcher warned her 
results are in no way definitive, she 
suggested "hexosaminidase may be 
a key enzyme in the battle against 
acute lymphoblastic leukemia." She 

plans to continue her research with 
funding she is seeking from several 
national organizations. A S100,0fX) 
grant from the National Cancer In- 
stitute, which expired in February, 
provided the original funds for the 
research. With the new funding 
Dunn hopes to uncover additional 
information which will help thwart 
a form of leukemia which accounts 
for more than 80 percent of all 
childhood leukemia cases. 

Training future 

For the tenth consecutive year 
VCU's School of Mass Communica- 
tions has been awarded a grant 
from The Newspaper Fund to con- 
duct a summer Editing Internship 
Program for the Southeast region. 

At least 50 interns are selected for 
the program from more than 500 
applicants in a national search. 
They are assigned to various uni- 
versities depending on the location 
of participating newspapers. Each 
university holds a two-week crash 
course in headline writing, copy 
editing, and layout before the in- 
terns begin work. 

Dr. William Turpin, director of 
VCU's program, said 12 interns 
were assigned to VCU last year. 
They worked on copy desks at The 
Washington Post. Newport Nezcs 
Times-Herald, Norfolk's Ledger-Star 
and Virginian Pilot, both the Rich- 
mond Times-Dispatch and Nezcs 
Leader, Atlanta Journal, Orlando Sen- 
tinel, Tampa Trilmne, West Palm Beach 
Post, Miami News, and the Waco 
(Texas) Tribune-Herald. 

"Not all of last year's participat- 
ing newspapers will be used this 
year," said Turpin, "because no 
more than 12 should be involved in 
any one program." 

VCU is one of five universities 
participating in the program which 
introduces college juniors to copv- 
editing on newspapers throughout 
the country. Other institutions in- 
clude New York University, Temple 
University, Ohio State University, 
and University of Missouri. 

Staying in line 

Extremely small doses of a deadly 
toxin usually associated with food 
poisoning may be used to 
strengthen crossed eves. 

Dr. Keith W. McNeer, clinical 
professor of ophthalmology, is one 
of several investigators involved in 
a study of nonsurgical means for 
correcting this particular eye align- 
ment problem. Dozens of people 
have been treated with good results 
according to the study directed by 
the Smith-Kettlewell Institute for 
Visual Science in San Francisco. 

During traditional surgery for 
strabismus, or crossed eyes, the 
ophthalmologist loosens or tight- 
ens specific eye muscles to balance 
their forces on the eye. The same 
effect can be achieved by injecting a 
few billionths of a gram of the toxin 
directly into the eye muscle. The 
toxin weakens the muscle and the 
opposing muscle takes up the 
slack. According to the theory be- 
hind the procedure the weaker 
muscle will strengthen and adjust 
while the overactive muscle is para- 
lyzed for several weeks. 

Over 75 patients on which the 
procedure has been used have ex- 
perienced a permanent reduction 
in misalignment. The first patient 
was injected more than four years 
ago, and the defect has remained 

Reports indicate that side effects 
have been restricted to transient 
drooping of the evelid in some pa- 
tients. The entire procedure takes 
five to ten minutes, and one or 
more injections mav be required 
depending upon the patient. 

Of the six tN^pes of toxin, T\-pe A, 
which is commonlv involved in bot- 
ulism cases, is the one used in treat- 
ing strabismus. 


University News 

Alaskan art 

Paul Steucke (B.F.A. commercial art 
1962) is one of 33 artists from 
Alaska being featured in an exhibit 
of 100 original paintings and prints 
in Washington, D.C. 

The exhibit, which is on display 
in the Russell Senate Office Build- 
ing across from the U.S. Capitol, 
commemorates the 25th anniver- 
sary of Alaskan statehood. Many of 
the works are being seen in the 
United States for the first time. 

Steucke, a fine artist and graphic 
designer, resides in Anchorage. He 
has received two competitive art 
fellowships from the Virginia Mu- 
seum and has had numerous 
shows and exhibits in Alaska and 
Richmond. Steucke has also de- 
signed publications and symbols 
and provided illustrations for sev- 
eral large national magazines. 

Stress and the 
herpes victim 

Is there a relahonship between a 
herpes victim's mental state and the 
frequency of the disease's recur- 
rence? A study being undertaken at 
the university will attempt to find 

Paul Silver, a graduate student 
seeking a doctorate in VCU's clini- 
cal psychology program, will lead 
an effort to establish whether or not 
stress, the individual's method of 
coping with it, and the support he 
or she receives are factors in the 
frequency and severity of herpetic 

Studies conducted elsewhere 
have shown that some herpes vic- 
tims have periodic depression and 
a sense of isolation. Emotional diffi- 
culties reported have included im- 
potence or diminished sexual drive, 
plus self -destructive feelings. 

Some victims indicated herpes 
was a factor in the dissolution of a 
marriage or long-standing relation- 
ship, or in loss of a potential rela- 
tionship after the other party was 
told about the disease. Others said 
their work performance suffered as 
a result of lost self-esteem. 

The VCU study will test possible 
emotional problems caused by hav- 
ing the disease, but will also seek 
evidence of a possible correlation 
between emotional dysfunction 
and the frequency and severity of 
herpes symptoms' recurrence. 


VCU's Medical College of Virginia 
has received a grant of $50,000 from 
Sterling Drug Inc. to estabhsh a 
Sterling Drug Visiting Professor- 
ship in the Department of Pharma- 

The grant was made in honor of 
Dr. Louis S. Harris, a distinguished 
research scientist and educator in 
the field of pharmacology. 

Sterling established the Visiting 
Professorship Program in 1979 to 
promote the exchange of knowl- 
edge between colleges and univer- 
sities in the field of pharmacology. 
Proceeds from the endowment en- 
able the school to invite a guest 
professor to the campus for one 
week each year to present lectures, 
conduct workshops and seminars, 
and participate in other educational 
sessions. The award in Harris' 
name is the tenth Visiting Profes- 
sorship awarded by Sterling to 
leading universities. 

Harris, who has been a professor 
and chairman of pharmacology at 
the university since 1972, is author 
or co-contributor to more than 200 
scientific publications dealing with 
pharmacology, chemistry and 
drugs. Among his more general 
writings is an article on analgesics 
for the Encyclopedia Britannica. 

Before coming to VCU Harris 
was professor at the University of 
North Carolina and a researcher at 
the Sterling- Winthrop Research In- 
stitute. While at Sterling- Winthrop, 
Harris helped develop Talwin, the 
first successful strong analgesic 
with a reduced dependency risk. 

The Department of Pharmacol- 
ogy currently enrolls 30 graduate 
and 15 postdoctoral students, mak- 
ing it one of the largest training 
programs in the United States. The 
pharmacology department is one of 
only two centers in the country that 
evaluates new drugs for abuse po- 

Sterling Drug Inc., a New York 
City based firm, manufactures and 
markets worldwide a broad range 
of pharmaceutical specialties, pro- 
prietary medicines, cosmetics, 
household and industrial products, 
and environmental controls. 



Dr. Clive Baumgarten, assistant 
professor of physiology, has re- 
ceived an established investigator- 
ship award for a five-year period by 
the Research Committee and the 
American Heart Association. The 
award extends through June 1988. 

Dr. Lynn Bloom, chairman of the 
Department of English, is co- 
author of a book titled American Au- 
tobiography: A Bibliography, 1945- 
1980 (University of Wisconsin 
Press, November 1982). This vol- 
ume provides annotations and a 
comprehensive index to 5,000 pub- 
lished and reissued works of dia- 
ries, collections of letters, states- 
mans' papers, and travel volumes, 
as well as more conventional auto- 

Dr. Gordon Bronitsky, adjunct 
assistant professor. Department of 
Sociology and Anthropology, orga- 
nized and was chairman of the an- 
nual meeting of American Anthro- 
pological Association's symposia 
on "Material Transformations of 
Religion and Pottery Technology. 
Ideas and Approaches." 

Timothy Byrne, assistant profes- 
sor and assistant reference librar- 
ian, has been elected vice-presi- 
dent/president-elect of the Virginia 
Library Association. 

Carol Cummins-Collier, coordi- 
nator of residence education, has 
been elected to the American Col- 
lege Personnel Association's Com- 
mission III directorate body. 

Carl Emswiller, Jr., assistant clin- 
ical director of pharmacy, has been 
named the 1983 recipient of the 
Daniel B. Smith Award of the 
American Pharmaceutical Associa- 
tion Academy of Pharmacy Prac- 

Melanie Feduska, assistant refer- 
ence librarian and instructor of li- 
brary science, has won the 1982 
Bibliographic Retrieval Services' 
Pre-Medicine Database original pa- 
per contest with "The ISSN and the 
Permanent Save; The Creme de la 
PREM." Her article will be pub- 
lished in BRS Bulletin. 

Dr. Michael Fine, assistant pro- 
fessor of biology, has published 
"Testosterone Uptake in the Brain- 
stem of Sound Producing Fish" in 
Science magazine. 

Dr. Charles Gallagher, associate 
professor of economics, has been 
elected to the executive committee 
of the National Association of Eco- 
nomic Educators. 

Dr. David Geary, associate pro- 
fessor of administration of justice 
and public safety, has been selected 
as the on-site external evaluator to 
study and report on the graduate 
and undergraduate degree pro- 
grams offered by the criminal jus- 
tice department of California State 

Joanne Greathouse, assistant 
professor and chairman of radia- 
tion sciences, has been selected for 
inclusion in the 1982 edition of Out- 
standing Young Women of America. 

Dr. Robert Hall, assistant profes- 
sor of medical oncology, has been 
named a John A. and George L. 
Hartford Fellow bv the John A. 
Hartford Foundation. The fellow- 
ship includes a three-year research 
grant of $105,000 as well as a sti- 
pend to Hall's sponsoring institu- 
tion for research expenses. 

Dr. James Kinney, associate pro- 
fessor of English, is senior author of 
the textbook Understanding Writing 
published bv Random House. He 
has also been named director of 
composition and rhetoric for the 
Department of English. 

Lynn McAuIey, instructor in the 
reference department of Cabell Li- 
brary, has won the American Li- 
brary Association's national 3M 
JMRT Professional Development 

Dr. Francis Macrina, associate 
professor of microbiology, and 
Martin Graham, assistant profes- 
sor of pediatrics, were included in 
an article, "Room at the Top," in the 
January 1983 Common-wealth maga- 
zine. From many nominations Com- 
monwealth selected a group of 25 of 
"Virginia's best and brightest." Ma- 

crina v,d"5 I it'O tor nib rt-s«--drcn in 
gene technology and Graham for 
his research on special nutrition 
problems in children. 

Philip .Meggs, chairman of the 
Department of Communication 
Arts and Design, has published A 
History of Graphic Design. The book 
covers the history of graphic design 
from the era of pictographs to to- 
day's computer-generated dis- 

Dr. William .Miller, professor of 
pediatrics, has been appointed to 
the American Heart Association's 
program committee and will serve 
as chairman of its nutrition pro- 
gram subcommittee. 

Dr. James Moore, associate pro- 
fessor and chairman of the Depart- 
ment of History and Geography, 
has published "Three WTio Dared: 
Virginia's Outstanding Governors 
of the Twentieth Century" in Vir- 
ginia Cavalcade. 

Dr. Margaret Feischl, assistant 

professor of German, had her book. 
Das Damonische im Werk Theodor 
Storm, published in Europe. 

Ann Robbins, director of the 
dietetic internship program, has 
been elected to the Comrrussion of 
Dietetic Registration of the Ameri- 
can Dietetic Association for a three- 
year term. 

Louis Saksen, assistant vice- 
president for facihties manage- 
ment, has been appointed to the 
Richmond Port Authority- as the en- 
gineering representation authority. 

Dr. James Terner, assistant pro- 
fessor of chemistry, recently pub- 
lished 'Piosecond Time-Resolved 
Resonance Ramon Spectroscopy of 
the Photolysis of Qx\-hemoglobin" 
in Berlin, West Germany. 

Dr. Gaynelle Whitlock, assistant 
dean, School of Education, has 
been appointed to the Task Force on 
Graduate Programs in Education by 
the State Council of Higher Educa- 
tion for N'irginia. 


Alumni Update 


Carl W. LaFratta (M.D.) of 
Richmond is a part-time associate 
professor of physical medicine and 
rehabilitation for the university. 
He is also consultant physician for 
the Hampton Veterans Adminis- 
tration Medical Center, the 
McGuire Veterans Administration 
Medical Center, and the Virginia 


E. Claiborne Robins (B.S. 
pharmacy, honorary doctorate in 
pharmaceutical sciences, 1958) has 
received the Distinguished 
Alumnus Award from the phar- 
macy division of the MCV Alumni 
Association of VCU. Robins is 
chairman of the board of A. H. 
Robins Company in Richmond. 


Solomon Disick (M.D.) has 
been elected to the Board of 
Trustees of Centre Community 
Hospital of State College, Pennsyl- 
vania. He also has been reap- 
pointed to the Bio-Med Review 
and Protocol Boards of Pennsylva- 
nia State University. 


Ruth S. Jones (M.S. social work) 
is a retired social worker in 


Linwood S. Leavitl (B.S. 
pharmacy) has retired from the 
pharmacy he owned with his 
partner, Robert W. Ciyburn (B.S. 
pharmacy 1953). Leavitt is a past 
president of the VPhA and was the 
VPhA Pharmacist of the Year in 

William Roy Smith (B.S. 
pharmacy), pharmacist and former 
Virginia state legislator from 
Petersburg, recently received the 
sixth annual American Pharma- 
ceutical Association's Hubert H. 
Humphrey Award. The award 
recognizes Smith's major contribu- 
tion to legislative service. 


Mary Cibula Evans (B.S. 
nursing) has retired as assistant 
director of nursing services for 
operating room/recovery room at 
MCV Hospitals. 


Martin Sheintock (D.D.S.) has 
been elected a fellow in the 
International College of Dentists. 


Eva Fleming Scott (B.S. phar- 
macy) of Amelia, Virginia, has 
served 12 years in the Virginia 
General Assembly. She is the first 
woman ever elected to the Virginia 


Nikki Carlisch Fairman (B.S. 
sociology) is working with the 
Science Museum of Virginia in the 
membership/group sales division. 


DeweyH. Bell, Jr. (D.D.S.) 

recently received the Harry Lyons 
Award presented by the Richmond 
Dental Society to its most out- 
standing members. 

Albert Goldstein (M.S.W., B.S. 
social science 1950) was recently 
honored as the first recipient of the 
Society for Clinical Social Work's 
Social Worker of the Year in 
California Award. 


Reginald R. Cooper (M.D.) has 
been appointed to a four-year term 
on the National Arthritis, Diabe- 
tes, and Digestive and Kidney 
Diseases Advisory Council by 
Health and Human Services. He is 
chairman of the Department of 
Orthopedics, University of Iowa 
College of Medicine, and chief of 
rehabilitation medical service of 
the Veterans Administration 
Hospital in Iowa City, Iowa. 

John T. Kelly (D.D.S.) has been 
awarded a fellowship by the 
American College of Dentists of 
Las Vegas. 


Edward Norris (M.S. graduate 
studies) has been named director of 
administrative services at West 
Chester State College in West 
Chester, Pennsylvania. Norris, 
who received his doctorate at 
Temple University, is a former 
professor and coordinator of 
graduate studies at the college. 


Naomi Payne (B.S. business 
education) has received an 
Exceptional Performance Award 
from the U.S. Army Troop Support 
Agency at Fort Lee, Virginia. The 
award recognizes her exceptional 
achievement as a writer/editor 
with the agency's Public Affairs 

Larry C. Smith (M.D.) has been 
appointed to the council of the 
Southern Medical Association to 
serve the 1983 term. 


Alumni Update 


J. D. Drinkard (M.D. 1957) has 
been elected chairman of the 
Council of Medical and Chirurgical 
Society of Maryland, the j^tate 
medical society. 


J. Wilson Ames, Jr. (D.D.S.) has 
been awarded a fellowship by the 
American College of Dentists in 
Las Vegas. 

Carl F. Emswiller, Jr. (B.S. 
pharmacy) has been awarded the 
1983 Daniel B. Smith Award by the 
American Pharmaceutical Associa- 

Harold A. Hatch (B.S. business 
education) is a lieutenant general 
in the U.S. Marine Corps. He is 
deputy chief of staff responsible 
for installations and logistics. 


Judith F. Bornhold (B.S. 
business) operates a wholesale 
nutrition company with her 
husband in Panama City, Florida. 

G. David Eddleman (MM. 
composition) is employed as a 
senior editor with Silver Burdett 
Company in Rockaway, New 


William Thomas Mace (B.S. 
business management) has been 
named a vice-president by the 
Home Beneficial Life Insurance 
Company in Richmond. 


D. Michael Kent (B.S. phar- 
macy) is a member of the Board of 
Directors of Southwest Virginia 
Health Systems Agency, Inc. 


Edward J. Kerns (B.F.A. fine 
arts) has been granted tenure by 
Lafayette College in Easton, 
Pennsylvania. He is associate 
professor and head of the art 
department at the college. 

Kent English (B.F.A. commercial 
art) recently displayed several of 
his paintings, photographs, and 
mixed media works in a one- 
person exhibition at Salisbury 
State College. 

William E. Middleton (M.S. 
rehabilitation counseling) has been 
appointed assistant commissioner 
of management support by the 
Virginia Department of Rehabilita- 
tive Services. 


Edmond S. Pittman (B.S. 
accounting) has been elected vice- 
president and treasurer of Morton 
G. Thalhimer, Inc. in Richmond. 
He is responsible for internal 
administration and financial 
management of the company. 

Robert M. Thornton (B.S. 
business management) has been 
promoted to vice-president of the 
commercial and industrial realty 
firm of Harvey Lindsay and 
Company in Norfolk, Virginia. He 
joined the firm in 1980. 


Irwin M. Becker (D.D.S.) of 
Miami, Florida, has been ap- 
pointed associate director of 
clinical education at the L. D. 
Pankey Institute. 

Gerald A. Masini (A.S. electrical 
electronics) has been promoted to 
Central Division Customer 
Engineering Supervisor by the 
Virginia Electric and Power 

R. Paul McCauley (B.S. law 
enforcement) has been elected 
second vice-president of the 
Academy of Criminal Justice 

Sciences. He is professor and 
chairman of the Department of 
Criminology at Indiana University 
of Pennsylvania. 

Robert L. Norfleet f.B.S. 
accounting) has been named 
corporate controller by High's Ice 
Cream Corporation. High's is the 
largest and oldest ice cream chain 
in the eastern Ljnited States and 
operates 40 stores in the Tidewa- 
ter, Virginia, area. 

O. Ralph Puccinelli, Jr. (M.S. 
business, B.S. 1964) has been 
awarded the CLU (certified life 
underwriter) and the ChFC 
(chartered financial consultant) 
designations by the American 
College in Bryn Mawr, Pennsylva- 

Kenneth F. Smith (B.F.A. 
communication arts and design) 
won an Academy Award in the 
visual effects category for the 
movie "E.T. the Extra-Terrestrial." 
He was primarily resp>onsible for 
the movie's optical effects and trick 
photography. In addition to "E.T." 
Smith has worked on "The Empire 
Strikes Back." 

Robert S. Wait (B.S. business 
administration) has been named 
second vice-president for fixed 
income by Continental Financial 


Charlotte Fitch (B.S. physical 
therapy) and her husband, Dennis 
Yutchishen. have established Blue 
Ridge Rehabilitation Associates in 
Charlottes\'ille, Virginia, to offer 
physical therapy, occupational 
therapy, speech therapy, and 
counseling services. 

Linda Buchanan Johnson (B.S. 
business administration) has been 
promoted to \ice-president of 
commercial loans at Womens Bank 
in Richmond. She joined the firm 
in 1980 as vice-president of credit 


Alumni Update 


Robert Stelmach (B.F.A. 
dramatic art and speech) had one 
of his poems accepted for publica- 
tion by a small Virginia press. His 
first collection of poetry, "Where is 
the you in the I of me?" is to be 
published this year. 

James W. Thweatt, Jr. (B.S. 
pharmacy) is director of pharmacy 
services at Clinch Valley Commu- 
nity Hospital in Richlands, 


Quentin L. Corbetl (B.S. 
management) has been named an 
executive vice-president and senior 
administrative officer with the 
Bank of Middlesex. He formerly 
served as vice-president of 
marketing at Southern Bank in 

Theodore Fadoel, Jr. (B.S. 
business administration) has 
joined the Bank of Virginia as 
assistant vice-president and 
manager of the bank's new 
discount brokerage operation. He 
formerly served as an investment 
executive with Paine Webber. 

William C. Nelson (M.S. 
rehabilitation counseling) has been 
appointed to a three-year term on 
the National General Educational 
Development Advisory Commit- 

Reverend J. Stephen O'Brien 
(M.Ed, administration and 
supervision) has been appointed to 
an executive directorship in the 
National Catholic Educational 

James W. Patterson (M.D.) is 
associate professor of dermatology 
and pathology and director of 
dermatopathoiogy at VCU. 
Danny R. Robinson (B.S. 
management) is employed as a 
technical training manager with 
Brown and Williamson Tobacco 
Corporation in Macon, Georgia. 


Archer L. Baskerville (M.D., 
pharmacy 1969) has been elected a 
Fellow in the American College of 
Cardiology. He is in private 
practice with Richmond Cardiol- 
ogy Associates, Inc., of Richmond. 

Doug Futrell (B.S. pharmacy) 
has been named pharmacist for 
Eckerd Drugs in Pulaski, Virginia. 
He formerly worked with Pulaski 
Drugs and Radford Professional 

Robert M. Litt (M.D.) is 
practicing radiology at Sunrise 
Hospital in Las Vegas. 


Edward D. Barlow B.S. business 
administration and management) 
has been named president of 
Boxes to Size, Inc. 

Diana Juarez Philbeck (B.F.A. 
interior design) represented VCU 
at the inauguration of David C. 
LeShana as president of Pacific 
University in Seattle in the spring. 


MaryBeth Earlier (master of 
urban and regional planning) has 
joined CARE, the international aid 
and development organization. 
She will spend one year in Somalia 
working on a refugee feeding 
program and various other pilot 
projects sponsored by the Soma- 
lian government, the United 
Nations High Commission for 
Refugees (UNHCR), and CARE. 


William C. DeRusha (B.S. 
accounting) has been named 
president of Heilig-Myers Com- 
pany, a Richmond-based furniture 

Harlean B. Snead (B.S. business 
administration) has been named 
treasurer and a director by Wilson 
Freed Company in Richmond. She 
has worked for the company since 
1981 and served most recently as 

Sally A. Gravely (B.S. mass 
communications) has been 
appointed to the board of directors 
of Showtimers, the community 
theatre in Roanoke, Virginia. She 
is responsible for publicity for the 
1983-84 season. 

James Thomas Wilson III (M.D.) 
has been named Young Alumnus 
of the Year by Emory and Henry 
College in Emory, Virginia. The 
award recognizes his distinctive 
achievements in the field of 
neurology wdth newborn and 
premature infants. 


Harold Brooks (B.S. business 
administration and management) 
has been named to the Federal 
National Mortgage Association's 
regional advisory board. He is 
senior vice-president with First 
and Merchants Mortgage Corpora- 

Alyson Ann Curco (B.S mass 
communications) is employed as a 
technical director with G. E. 
Broadcasting-WGRB, a television 
station in Schenectady, New York. 

Lon R. Davis (B.F.A. communi- 
cation arts and design) has 
accepted a position as art director 
with Foote, Cone, and Belding in 
Los Angeles. Davis was formerly 
with the Dixon Group, an adver- 
tising firm in Norfolk, Virginia. 

E. Thomas Doub (M.Ed, 
administration) is employed by 
Henrico County Schools as 
director of athletics at Varina High 

Teresa A. Garland (B.F.A. 
communication arts and design) 
is working as a communications 
director for Representative Steve 
Bartiett (R-Texas) in the United 
States House of Representatives. 

Bernie Maron (M.S. insurance) 
has been recognized by the 
American Academy of Actuaries as 


Alumni Update 

a qualified iioalth service corpora- 
tion actuary. Maron, plan director 
of actuarial and underwriting with 
Blue Cross and Blue Shield of 
Northwest Ohio, is one of only 30 
persons across the country to 
receive this recognition. 


Class Rings 

If you failed to buy a class ring as a 
student, you can now order one. 
Rings for men and women are 
available in a variety of sizes. For 
more information and a price list, 
write for a ring order kit. If you 
graduated before 1968, please 
indicate Medical College of 
Virginia, if appropriate, when 
ordering a kit. The request should 
be mailed to: 

Alumni Activities Office 
Ring Order Kit 
Virginia Commonwealth 
Richmond, VA 23284 

David W. Norris (M.A. I.nglish/ 
Knglish education, B.S. English 
1975) has received an award from 
the McGraw-Hill Employee 
Suggestion Award Program, His 
suggestion has led to a more 
efficient method which F. W. 
Dodge reporters now use in 
gathering information about 
building contractors. 


Jackie Bailey (B.F.A. education) 
has been invited to be a fellow in 
arts management at the National 
Endowment for the Arts in 
Washington, D.C. She is coordina- 
tor of 1708 East Main in Richmond, 
the state's only nonprofit, artist- 
run gallery. 

Kathy Fogg Berry (B.S. mass 
communications) has received her 
master's in religious education 
from the Southern Baptist Theo- 
logical Seminary in Louisville, 

Willie A. Berry III (B.S. mass 
communications) has received a 
master of divinity degree from the 
Southern Baptist Theological 
Seminary in Louisville, Kentucky. 

Suzie Bird (B.F.A. communica- 
tions arts and design) is a vice- 
president of Davis and Davis 
Marketing, Inc. in Richmond. 

Kevin H. Ferguson (M.S. 
sociology) has been appointed 
registrar at Rosemont College in 
Rosemont, Pennsylvania. 

Christopher E. Pollard (B.S. 
marketing) has been named 
national salesman of the year for 
1982 by Lumex, Inc. in Bay Shore, 
New York. Lumex is a manufac- 
turer of medical equipment and 
health care seating. 

Diane F. Saccone (medical 
technology) is a technical sales 
representative for Flow Laborato- 
ries, Inc., in Washington, D.C. 

Stephen Salyards (B.S. psychol- 
ogy) has been promoted to 
professional/specialist trainee by 
the U.S. Postal Ser\ice. He expects 
to begin graduate school at George 
Washington University in the fall. 

Charles W. Suttenfield (M.S. 
rehabilitation counseling) has been 
appointed vocational rehabilitation 
counselor by the Richmond Pain 
Clinic, Inc. 


John Alspaugh (B.S. English), 
poet and author of Everything Dark 
is a Doorway, received the National 
Society of Arts and Letters Award 
for Poetry for 1981 . A nominee for 
last year's Pulitzer Prize in 
literature, his newest novel should 
be available in the fall. 

Claudette Black McDaniel (M.S. 
administration of justice and 
public safety) has been appointed 
to the human development fwlicy 
steering committee of the National 
League of Cities. 

Brian M. Pelzman (B.S. admin- 
istration of justice and public 
safety) is working as an assistant 
state attorney in Dade County, 

Sarah Belk Rian (MA. art 
history, B.F.A. art education, 1976) 
is a freelance v\Titer based in New 
York City. She formerly ser\'ed as 
wine and food editor with House 
and Garden. 

Kenneth M. Scruggs fM.P.A., 
B.S. accounting, 1970) has been 
appointed to a three-year term on 
the Committee for Professional 
Development of the State Depart- 
ment of Personnel and Training. 
He is count\' administrator for 
King George County. N'Lrginia. 

Thomas S. Wash (B.S. informa- 
tion systems, A.S. 1977) has been 
named a vice-president by Wheat, 
First Securities, Inc. in Richmond. 


Randi Tamas Bass (M.F..A.) is 
studying papermaking at the Beer- 
Shera Center for the Arts in Beer- 
Shera, Israel. 


Alumni Update 


Please notify us of your change of address 




























Pnnt clearly 






Zip Code 




State Zip Code 

Send to: 

Alumni Records Officer 
Virginia Commonwealth University 
Richmond, VA 23284 
(804) 257-1228 

Important note: If this magazine is 
addressed to an alumnus who no 
longer lives at the address printed 
on the address label, please advise 
us so that we can correct our re- 
cords. If you know the person's 
correct address, we would appreci- 
ate that information. Also, if a 
husband and wife are receiving 
more than one copy of the maga- 
zine, we would like to know so 
that we can avoid duplicate mail- 
ings. Please provide the names of 
both individuals plus the wife's 
maiden name, if appropriate. 

Robert V. Crowder III (M.H.A.) 
has been named assistant execu- 
tive director of Virginia Baptist 
Hospital in Lynchburg, Virginia. 
He formerly served as assistant 
administrator for Memorial 
Hospital in Danville. 

Jacqueline Feet Girl (B.F.A. art 
history) has started her own 
business called Giri Associates, a 
software computer company. She 
has been elected co-chairperson of 
the state Legislative Committee of 
the state AAUW. 

Prasad P. V. Giri (M.S. business) 
is employed by First and Mer- 
chants as a systems consultant. He 
recently won the Best Paper 
Award from ICCM at its interna- 
tional conference. 

Bruce Hornstein B.F.A. com- 
munication art and design) owns 
Pyramid Studios, Inc., a multi- 
image programs, special effects, 
and visual presentations firm, in 

Sharon A. Suprun (M.S. 
rehabilitation counseling) has been 
promoted to GS-9 by the U.S. 
Army Troop Support Agency in 
Fort Lee, Virginia. She also 
received an exceptional service 
award in recognition of outstand- 
ing performance of her duties as a 
management analyst. 

Uta M. Whitby (B.S. mass 
communications) has received an 
Exceptional Performance Award 
from the U.S. Army Troop Support 
Agency in Fort Lee, Virginia. The 
award recognizes her outstanding 
performance of duties as an 
editorial clerk. 


Edith McKlveen (M.A. English/ 
English education, B.A. English, 
1976) is a poet in the Richmond 
area. She is co-author of a book of 
poetry titled Oaths of a New 

Gail Timberlake (M.S. rehabili- 
tation counseling) has been named 
International Correctional Educa- 
tor of the Year by the Correctional 
Education Association. 

Lost Alumni 

We've lost some alumni and we'd 
like to find them. If you are any of 
these persons, or if you know their 
whereabouts, please contact us so 
we can update our records. 

Michael R. Allen (B.S. retailing 

Last known address: Hanahan, 

South Carolina 

Barbara J. Bellman (B.S. 

occupational therapy 1953) 
Last known address: Chantilly, 


Harriette Leef Clark (B.F.A. 

commercial art 1965) 
Last known address: Richmond, 


Virginia Floyd Taylor (M.D. 1980) 
Last known address: Richmond, 

Arthur J. Forman (M.D. 1972) 
Last known address: Tampa, 

Cecil Earnest Goode, Jr. (B.S. 

sociology 1969) 
Last known address: Richmond, 


Carl R. Jennings, Jr. (B.S. 

elementary education 1968) 
Last known address: Ft. 

Lauderdale, Florida 

Ruth A. King (B.S. nursing 1926) 
Last known address: Memphis, 

Ann E. Mann (certificate, x-ray 

technology 1973) 
Last known address: Richmond, 


Bo Hai Woo (M.D. 1976) 
Last known address: Lexington, 

Please send information to: 
Alumni Records Officer 
Virginia Commonwealth University 
828 West Franklin Street 
Richmond, VA 23284 
(804) 257-1227 




This unique collecror's item 
poster was created through the 
joint efforts of Best Products Co, , 
Inc., renowned Richmond oriist 
(and VCU groduote) Bill Nel- 
son, and Kennedy and Green 
Advertising to connnnemorate 
the 1982-83 season. It is o 
great tribute to the Pioms' suc- 
cess and Q unique connbination 
of rhe University's excellence in 
art, design, and athletics. There 
is a limited number of these 
suitable for framing posters still 
available from the VCU Athletic 
Deportment. A $3.00 charge 
covers postage and handling 

Please fill out the coupon 
and send it in today to. 

VCU Sports Promotions 

819 Wesr Franklin Sr. 
Richmond, VA 23284 

THE 1982-83 POSTER: 

Best Products Co., Inc. 

Printing Sponsor, Bill Nelson 
Design ond Production. 


Please send me _ 
poster or $3.00 each! 

copies of rhe VCU Boskerboil Rom 




. Telephone- 

Pleose allow four weeks for delivery. 
Rom Illustration, Lee Brouer — Photography Kennedy and Green Advertising